It is not that simple: endometriomas are almost never alone

It is not that simple: endometriomas are almost never alone By Bahar Yuksel

Endometriomas are the widely and easily diagnosed type of endometriosis. They are usually treated by gynecologic surgeons and are thought to be alone most of the time. The study conducted by Piriyev et al highlighted the coexistence of extraovarian endometriosis…

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A hot research topic: macrophage reprogramming for endometriosis treatment

A hot research topic: macrophage reprogramming for endometriosis treatment By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

 Daria Artemova and colleagues from several research institutes of the Russian Federation have published their review on the cellular aspects of endometriosis related to macrophages, particularly emphasizing  promising therapeutic options for the future in "International Journal of Molecular Sciences". Macrophages have…

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Combined contraceptive pills and immune system cells in the endometriotic cyst wall

Combined contraceptive pills and immune system cells in the endometriotic cyst wall By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Wanwisa Waiyaput and associates from Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, have published their results on the immune regulatory cells of the surgically resected endometriotic cyst walls in the “Journal of Ovarian Research”. The defective immune response is believed to have…

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Managing Persistent Pelvic Pain in a distinct "pain" clinic

Managing Persistent Pelvic Pain in a distinct By Selma Oransay

Persistent pelvic pain is an important problem producing physiological stress and productivity loss during the reproductive period of women. A specific pelvic pain clinic named "Mater Health Persistent Pelvic Pain Clinic" was established in 2017 in a part of the emergency…

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Retinol-binding protein in endometriosis pathogenesis

Retinol-binding protein in endometriosis  pathogenesis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Jae Chul Lee and associates from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, have published the recent results of their research on endometriosis regarding the role of retinol-binding protein4…

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Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells are gaining importance in endometriosis

Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells are gaining importance in endometriosis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Wertel and associates from Polish academic centers published their sentimental review paper on the role of "Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells" in human diseases, in a recent issue of  Cells. Endometriosis, the most common gynecological disease affecting about 10% of women globally,…

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Which is the best for ovarian reserve preservation? Hemostatic agent or coagulation?

Which is the best for ovarian reserve preservation? Hemostatic agent or coagulation? By Bahar Yuksel

The way of ovarian parenchymal bed hemostasis following ovarian cystectomy is crucial for ovarian reserve protection, and discussions about different techniques on this issue are ongoing. Multiport laparoscopic surgery is the standard method for ovarian surgeries, but laparoendoscopic single-site cystectomy became…

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The endless burden: sexual dysfunction and endometriosis

The endless burden: sexual dysfunction and endometriosis By Bahar Yuksel

The relationship between endometriosis and sexual health in women is one of the hottest topics in obstetrics and gynecology practice. There are some previous reports that investigated the effect of endometriosis on the loss of libido, arousal disorder, orgasmic dysfunction,…

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Endometrial epithelial stem/progenitor cells have links to endometriosis with potential therapeutic research aspects

Endometrial epithelial stem/progenitor cells have links to endometriosis with potential therapeutic research aspects By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Cousins with colleagues from Australia and the USA published their review paper on a not well-known subject, the epithelial stem/progenitor cells of the endometrium. This interesting paper is recently published in the scientific journal named "Frontiers in Cell and Developmental…

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Endometriosis in intestine! Segmental resection or linear nodulectomy?

Endometriosis in intestine! Segmental resection or linear nodulectomy? By Bahar Yuksel

Intestinal involvement of endometriosis is common, and the incidence was defined between 45-56%. Previous studies investigating the role of surgery in the management of intestinal endometriosis reported improvement of life quality in up to 95% of cases following surgery. However,…

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Pain Sensitization and What Should Be Done About it?

Pain Sensitization and What Should Be Done About it? By Özge Özkaya

Pain sensitization and lumbopelvic impairments are common among women with endometriosis, especially if they have advanced stage disease. This is according to a study by researchers in Spain that was published in the scientific journal "Pain Medicine". The finding underscores the…

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Selected Blood Inflammatory Biomarkers May Help Identify Endometriosis

Selected Blood Inflammatory Biomarkers May Help Identify Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

Levels of inflammatory biomarkers in the blood differ between women with endometriosis and those without the disease. Levels of some biomarkers also differ according to the stage of endometriosis. This is according to a new study by Polish scientists published…

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DNA damage response in eutopic endometria of endometriosis patients

DNA damage response in eutopic endometria of endometriosis patients By Dr. Youngran Park

The DNA damage response (DDR) is a network of cellular pathways that sense, signal, and repair the lesions occurring in DNA. Surveillance proteins that monitor DNA integrity activate the DNA repair pathways in response to DNA damage and try to prevent the generation of potentially deleterious mutations. Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent…

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Oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) has a critical role in the pathogenesis and progression of endometriosis

Oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) has a critical role in the pathogenesis and progression of endometriosis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Wan-Ning Li and associates from academic institutions from Taiwan have published their review paper on the role of hypoxia and possible therapeutic outcomes in the medical journal named "Reproduction" recently.  Endometriosis is an important ailment with huge medical and social…

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Self-management and the quality of life in women with endometriosis

Self-management and the quality of life in women with endometriosis By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis symptoms can range from mild to severe. The most common presenting complaints are mainly pelvic pain and infertility. There is no doubt that the physical and mental quality of life of these women is adversely affected. There are several studies…

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The origin of macrophages determines the fate of endometriosis

The origin of macrophages determines the fate of endometriosis By Yu Yu

Macrophages are diverse cells. They can present in all tissues of the body to perform crucial functions in immunity, homeostasis, repair and many more. Macrophages change their role depending on signals from their environment, and can therefore have a variety…

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Live Birth Rate in Women Who Underwent Fresh Embryo Transfer Using Freshly Retrieved Donor Oocytes

Live Birth Rate in Women Who Underwent Fresh Embryo Transfer Using Freshly Retrieved Donor Oocytes By Hale Goksever Celik

One of the important clinical findings in women with endometriosis is reproductive problems. Infertility can be encountered in up to 50% of women with endometriosis and up to 50% of women with infertility can be diagnosed with endometriosis. Several pathophysiologic…

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Insoluble Dilemma of Adenomyosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment  - Errico Zupi, MD

Insoluble Dilemma of Adenomyosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment  - Errico Zupi, MD By Selma Oransay

The prevalence of adenomyosis has been reported to range from 1% to 70% in different studies. This large range can be explained by the lack of standard diagnostic criteria by imaging modalities or pathological analyses. Sixty-five% of the women with adenomyosis…

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The recurrence risk of endometrioma in older age

The recurrence risk of endometrioma in older age By Bahar Yuksel

Ovarian endometrioma is more common in reproductive ages and the recurrence rate is around 20 percent in the first 2 years after the initial surgery. The use of postoperative hormonal therapy is a mutual option to decrease recurrences. The rate…

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New Signaling Pathway Could Be Crucial in the Development of Endometriosis

New Signaling Pathway Could Be Crucial in the Development of Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

RAMP1 signaling is crucial for growth and blood and lymphatic vessel formation in endometrial tissue, according to a new study published in the Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. This suggests that blocking RAMP1 could be a new way to…

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Reduced risk of "small for gestational age baby" following frozen embryo transfer in endometriosis patients

Reduced risk of By Hale Goksever Celik

Infertility is encountered frequently in patients with endometriosis. These women could be managed using assisted reproductive technology (ART) including in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to achieve pregnancy. However, some adverse obstetric and perinatal outcomes are experienced more…

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Patients' opinion about surgical treatment of endometriosis

Patients' opinion about surgical treatment of endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Delayed diagnosis and management of endometriosis and chronic pelvic pain is a major problem in gynecologic practice. Alternatively, providers may feel reluctant to perform surgery although they are aware of treatment options and surgical timing. One possible reason for this…

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A new Marker to Detect Endometriosis and Its Severity?

A new Marker to Detect Endometriosis and Its Severity? By Özge Özkaya

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) could be a novel marker that could help diagnose endometriosis as well as to detect its severity. This is according to a new study by researchers in Egypt, published in the scientific journal "BMC Women’s Health".…

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An animal model of endometriosis reveals stress related disturbed vitamin D - vitamin D receptor axis

An animal model of endometriosis reveals stress related disturbed vitamin D - vitamin D receptor axis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Lopez and colleagues from academic institutions of Puerto Rico published their experimental endometriosis findings on female rats regarding the effect of stress on vitamin D-vitamin D receptor systems and recently published their findings in "Reproductive Sciences". The group previously showed…

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The intensity of pelvic pain is higher in endometriosis patients

The intensity of pelvic pain is higher in endometriosis patients By Irem Onur

Silva  J.B. et al., researchers from Brazil, conducted a case-control study to determine the intensity of clinical pain, the average body composition, and the anthropometric markers including the body mass index, the perimeters (waist, abdomen, hip), and the percentage of…

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The more than expected prevalence of endometriosis in patients with Mullerian abnormalities

The more than expected prevalence of endometriosis in patients with Mullerian abnormalities By Bahar Yuksel

Congenital müllerian anomalies resulting in a spectrum of uterine abnormalities are caused by the abnormal embryologic fusion of the müllerian ducts to form a normal uterine cavity.  They are often unrecognized because they are usually asymptomatic. The presence of a uterine…

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Endometriosis-related obstetrical complications and their outcome

Endometriosis-related obstetrical complications and their outcome By Selma Oransay

Borisova et al. from the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Peoples' Friendship University, Moskow, Russia, and her colleagues from the Center of Perinatal and Reproductive Medicine of University Perugia, Italy, recently published a review of the literature data about…

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Colorectal Deep Endometriosis Resection and Potential Complications

Colorectal Deep Endometriosis Resection and Potential Complications By Murat Osman

A severe clinical form of endometriosis, deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is characterized by more aggressive endometriotic lesions commonly involving deeper pelvic or gastrointestinal organs. It causes significant quality of life impairment and morbidity and is increasingly associated with infertility. When…

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Deep Endometriosis or Recto-uterine Obliteration Without Endometrioma

Deep Endometriosis or Recto-uterine Obliteration Without Endometrioma By Selma Oransay

The diagnostic help of ultrasound is increasing by its ability to diagnose deep infiltrating and rectouterine pouch obliteration in patients who are suffering from chronic pelvic pain. Clinicians are used to evaluating the rectal and parametrial areas of the endometriotic…

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Inhibiting killer on the move

Inhibiting killer on the move By Yu Yu

The three main forms of endometriosis are superficial, ovarian, and deep endometriosis. The latter is defined by the presence of endometriotic nodules that are deeper than 5 mm. Deep endometriosis is considered the most aggressive and is associated with severe…

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Endometriosis prevalence among adolescents with pelvic pain

Endometriosis prevalence among adolescents with pelvic pain By Irem Onur

An updated review conducted by the investigators at EGA Institute for Women's Health, University College London, United Kingdom, in collaboration with Birmingham Women’s and Children’s Foundation Trust of the Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research at the University of Birmingham…

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Reproductive capacity and recurrence rate after surgery for Stage III/IV endometriosis 

Reproductive capacity and recurrence rate after surgery for Stage III/IV endometriosis  By Bahar Yuksel

If gaining fertility back is the main goal, the surgical removal of endometriosis lesions is globally recognized as first-line therapy. Even though, pre- and postoperative hormone therapy leads to a significant decrease in the spread of the disease measured with the…

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Fallopian tubes and endometriosis

Fallopian tubes and endometriosis By Selma Oransay

There are multiple theories to explain the pathogenesis of endometriosis, among which the most popular one is Sampson's retrograde menstruation theory. The role of endometrial stem cells/progenitors are widely studied to support the origin of ectopic lesions in recent decades.…

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Hormone Control Related Genes in Women With Endometriosis

Hormone Control Related Genes in Women With Endometriosis By Ellen Tumimbang

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disease.  The development of endometriosis is stimulated by the specific ability to receive the estrogen that is needed for growth and differentiation of endometrial cells and has numerous biological functions in eutopic and ectopic endometrium. Estrogen…

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The impact of obesity on safety and feasibility of laparoscopic endometriosis surgery

The impact of obesity on safety and feasibility of laparoscopic endometriosis surgery By Hale Goksever Celik

The quality of life in the women affected by endometriosis depends on the symptoms and signs of endometriosis such as dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. The most common locations of endometriosis are ovary, ovarian fossa, uterosacral ligament, and…

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Suggested remedies for endometriosis patients during coronavirus pandemic

Suggested remedies for endometriosis patients during coronavirus pandemic By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

The pandemic of COVID-19 continues to have important effects on endometriosis patients worldwide. Many health care facilities stopped providing surgical management and outpatient appointments are canceled or postponed. Dr. Leonardi from Australia and associates from several countries published their proposals…

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Anogenital distance and endometriosis

Anogenital distance and endometriosis By Timur Seckin

Endometriosis may be associated with exposure of the embryo to chemicals called ‘endocrine disruptors’. Exposure to endocrine disruptors can be estimated by measuring the anogenital distance (i.e. the distance between the clitoris and the anus), using a centimeter ruler with…

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Racial and ethnic disparities and women health

Racial and ethnic disparities and women health By Selma Oransay

The well documented racial and ethnic disparities in Obstetrics and Gynecology in the US make available to use them as an indicator of implicit bias in giving unequal health and care service to minorities. Dr. Bryant from Massachusetts General Hospital,…

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The effect of endometriosis on the quality of life

The effect of endometriosis on the quality of life By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis, the disease defined as the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal tissue outside the uterine cavity, can be diagnosed in the reproductive-aged women with an incidence of 7-15%. However, endometriosis is observed in women with chronic pelvic pain syndrome…

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Menstrual Blood Proteins for Endometriosis Diagnosis

Menstrual Blood Proteins for Endometriosis Diagnosis By Ellen Tumimbang

Endometriosis is a gynecological disorder characterized by endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The backflow of menstrual blood from the uterus through the fallopian tubes is thought to be the cause of endometrial tissue growing outside the uterine cavity when…

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Opioids use in women with endometriosis, what does it tell us?

Opioids use in women with endometriosis, what does it tell us? By Yu Yu

Endometriosis is a debilitating disease that can cause many painful symptoms such as dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, infertility, chronic pelvic pain, abdominal pain, and sacral or low back pain. More than half of women diagnosed with endometriosis suffer from chronic pelvic pain.…

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Endometriosis surgery and future pregnancy complications

Endometriosis surgery and future pregnancy complications By Selma Oransay

Endometriosis is one of the known diseases for infertility in the reproductive period of women. Several studies revealed that endometriosis itself maybe the reason for some unfavorable obstetric outcomes. Localization, the type of endometriotic lesions, and the stage of endometriosis…

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Risk Factors Associated with Ureteral Endometriosis

Risk Factors Associated with Ureteral Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

Patients with severe endometriosis, uterosacral ligament deep involvement with endometriosis lesions of  3 cm in diameter or more, and the presence of previous endometriosis surgery have a significantly higher risk of having ureteral endometriosis. This is according to a study…

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Postmenopausal endometriosis: Is it a rare phenomenon?

Postmenopausal endometriosis: Is it a rare phenomenon? By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis, the estrogen-dependent disease defined as the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal tissue outside the uterine cavity, is generally diagnosed in the reproductive-aged women. However, recent literature proved that this disease can also be observed in the premenopausal and…

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Progressive nature of ovarian endometrioma

Progressive nature of ovarian endometrioma By Yu Yu

The effective management of endometriosis requires a proper understanding of how the condition progress as women age, especially for those women with early onset of endometriosis. Several studies have tried to characterize the evolution of endometriosis. Some of the key…

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Maternal body mass index and neonatal outcomes in women with endometriosis

Maternal body mass index and neonatal outcomes in women with endometriosis By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is defined as the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal-like tissue outside the uterine cavity. Its prevalence is 10-15% in the general population of this age. However, endometriosis is diagnosed more frequently in infertile women with a prevalence of…

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Interleukin-37b inhibits the growth of murine endometriosis-like lesions

Interleukin-37b inhibits the growth of murine endometriosis-like lesions By Nadire Duru

Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease that causes chronic pain and infertility in women. Despite continuous efforts and numerous research, there is, ultimately, still much to understand about the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Inflammatory factors including several interleukins have already been…

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IL-33 Polarize Peritoneal Macrophages for Endometriosis Growth

IL-33 Polarize Peritoneal Macrophages for Endometriosis Growth By Nadire Duru

M2 type macrophages are the most common type of macrophages found in endometriosis and they enhance the development of endometriosis lesions. The key factors that stimulate macrophages to polarize towards M2 and contribute to the increased endometriosis lesions remain to be…

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All aspects of endometriosis reviewed with focus on modern management

All aspects of endometriosis reviewed with focus on modern management By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Chapron and associates from academic centers in France published in Nature Review Endocrinology, a comprehensive review on endometriosis. The article is inclusive of all aspects of endometriosis but especially focuses on the management of the disease with its contemporary status.  Having a…

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The predictive factors for early spontaneous miscarriage in IVF/ICSI cycles

The predictive factors for early spontaneous miscarriage in IVF/ICSI cycles By Hale Goksever Celik

The most common presenting complaints of endometriosis are mainly dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Affected women demand therapy for these symptoms of endometriosis, notably fertility problems. The clinical pregnancy rate has increased up to 60% in assisted reproductive…

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Cycle-related gastrointestinal complaints in reproductive age young women

Cycle-related gastrointestinal complaints in reproductive age young women By Timur Seckin

An analysis of 1-year data on 266 patients who presented to the Clinic and Polyclinic for Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine at Jena University Hospital to undergo surgery for endometriosis and its symptoms was performed by Nicolaous K. et al., a…

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The role of microbiota in the etiopathogenesis of endometriosis

The role of microbiota in the etiopathogenesis of endometriosis By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disease that is commonly diagnosed in reproductive-aged women. Although many advanced types of research about the etiology, differential diagnosis and treatment have been performed, it still remains an enigmatic disease. Dr. Bedaiwy, a scientist and physician…

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Strength exercise may not be helpful for the management of endometriosis-related pain

Strength exercise may not be helpful for the management of endometriosis-related pain By Yu Yu

Women with endometriosis often suffer from pelvic pain, although the disease severity is not correlated with pain intensity. Research in pain symptoms suggests that several neuromodulatory events are involved, including reduced peripheral induced pain thresholds and significant changes to the…

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β-catenin signaling, a new therapeutic target in endometriosis

β-catenin signaling, a new therapeutic target in endometriosis By Yu Yu

Endometriosis is characterized by cell proliferation, resistance to cell death and fibrotic scarring. It is treated by surgical removal of the peritoneal lesions and ovarian cysts or using hormonal agents. However, the success of the current treatment is limited by…

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The prevalence and severity of endometriosis today

The prevalence and severity of endometriosis today By Irem Onur

Ghiasi M. et al., a group of researchers from the USA, presented a comprehensive review of the prevalence, incidence, and stage of endometriosis worldwide as reported over the past 30 years. Researchers performed a search in four databases, including PubMed,…

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Endometriosis features vs Patient age

Endometriosis features vs Patient age By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis, a common gynecological disease, has significant negative impacts on patients’ daily life. Especially in younger women who have yet to achieve pregnancy, effective management should consider the disease progression. Though it is still under debate, some people suggest that…

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Cannabis usage among Australian women with endometriosis

Cannabis usage among Australian women with endometriosis By Irem Onur

Sinclair J. et al., a group of researchers from Australia, conducted a cross-sectional online survey to determine the prevalence, tolerability, and self-reported effectiveness of cannabis in women with endometriosis. This study included 484 women with complete responses. Of all women,…

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M1 and M2 macrophages in ovarian endometriomas

M1 and M2 macrophages in ovarian endometriomas By Yu Yu

Macrophages play an essential role in the immune response during inflammation and have been implicated in diseases such as inflammatory conditions and cancers. Broadly, macrophages are classified into M1 and M2. The M1 macrophages are pro-inflammatory, and in contrast, the…

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Optimal Management of Endometriosis and the associated pain

Optimal Management of Endometriosis and the associated pain By Yu Yu

Around 5–10 million reproductive-aged women suffer from endometriosis in the United States. The condition is hard to diagnose due to large variation in symptoms, though most women experience pain that can either be cyclical pelvic pain with menses or noncyclic…

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Is there any difference between endometriosis patients with or without obliterated cul-de-sac during laparoscopic hysterectomy?

Is there any difference between endometriosis patients with or without obliterated cul-de-sac during laparoscopic hysterectomy? By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is a disease defined as the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal cells outside the uterine cavity. It is diagnosed in 10% to 15% of reproductive-aged women. Women with endometriosis demand therapy for the most common symptoms, which are…

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A new technique for laparoscopic management of ovarian endometriosis.

 A new technique for laparoscopic management of ovarian endometriosis. By Selma Oransay

To cause a minimal hazardous effect on ovarian reserve during laparoscopic surgery of endometriomas is always a great concern for clinicians. Shaltout et al. from Cairo University, Egypt, examined the effect of "Surgicel" on preventing the recurrence of endometriomas and…

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Endometriosis and the quality of life

Endometriosis and the quality of life By Selma Oransay

Recent developments of technics and improvement of skill in the laparoscopic field increased the courage of clinicians to attempt early and multiple diagnostic operations on endometriotic patients. Vanuccini et al. from NEUROFARBA, University of Florence, Florence, Italy recently published their…

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How to predict complications for endometriosis surgery?

How to predict complications for endometriosis surgery? By Timur Seckin

In a new study co-led by scientists at Sorbonne University, a nomogram is built to better inform patients about the risk of deep endometriosis surgery without bowel involvement. The findings have been published in the European Journal of Obstetrics &…

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A position statement of diagnosing and treating endometriosis for gynecologists.

A position statement of diagnosing and treating endometriosis for gynecologists. By Selma Oransay

Endometriosis Treatment Italian Group recently declared 10 "valuable" conducts to evaluate endometriotic patients and published them in Hum. Reprod. Open. This society consists of 16 university departments and training center with expert clinicians on endometriosis from Italy. After arising the idea of…

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The genetic predisposition to endometriosis

The genetic predisposition to endometriosis By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent gynecological disease mostly encountered in reproductive-aged women. Although endometrium is a non-malignant disease, its symptoms can range from mild to severe due to the inflammation that ectopic endometrial tissue forms around itself. The exact etiopathogenetic mechanism…

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The miscarriage rate in women with endometriosis undergoing IVF fresh cycles

The miscarriage rate in women with endometriosis undergoing IVF fresh cycles By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is a chronic estrogen-dependent disease diagnosed in 25-40% of women with infertility. There are several mechanisms explaining the negative impacts of endometriosis on fertility through the entire reproductive process such as sperm-oocyte interaction, ovarian reserve, and implantation. Endometriosis is…

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Self-management of endometriosis symptoms: from Australia

Self-management of endometriosis symptoms: from Australia By Demet Candaş Green

Effective self-management techniques and lifestyle changes may play an important role in the management of endometriosis symptoms by many women. Due to various reasons such as limited effectiveness of some medications, potential side effects, availability of medical resources, self-desire to…

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PAX8 immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of Extragenital Endometriosis

PAX8 immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of Extragenital Endometriosis By Serdar Balci

This study is performed by Arakawa T et al., from the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, and the results are published in Reproductive Sciences. Endometriosis is seen in many organs including peritoneum, ovaries, bowel, bladder, and even lung. Histopathologic diagnosis may…

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Endometriosis and female pelvic pain in all aspects

Endometriosis and female pelvic pain in all aspects By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is defined as the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal tissue outside the uterine cavity. The prevalence of the disease ranges between 6-10% in reproductive-aged women. However, endometriosis is more frequently encountered in women with chronic pelvic pain and…

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Extragenital endometriosis and ultrasound

Extragenital endometriosis and ultrasound By Irem Onur

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a non-invasive imaging method with no exposure to radiation. There are a few reports on the use of CEUS in the assessment of endometriosis in the literature. Dong et al. reported 3 histopathologically proven cases of…

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Endometriosis: A review on anatomic principles and the management

Endometriosis: A review on anatomic principles and the management By Irem Onur

In the study of Alimi et al. which has been published in the journal Cureus, various aspects of endometriosis such as the pathophysiology, the anatomy, the pain mechanism, the perineural spread theory, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and imaging, infertility, unusual cases,…

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The use of Elagolix in Women with Liver and Kidney Impairments

The use of Elagolix in Women with Liver and Kidney Impairments By Özge Özkaya

Elagolix may be used in women with moderate liver impairment, when necessary, for up to six months at a dose of 150 mg a day, according to a study published in the scientific journal Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development. The…

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Best endometriosis articles of the past year.

Best endometriosis articles of the past year.  By Selma Oransay

Dr.Stowall, from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Methodist Hospital, Dallas, Texas, USA penned this letter and recently published it in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology to show his remarks of importance on four best publications of the…

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Non-assisted reproductive technology treatment: Is it effective in infertile patients with advanced endometriosis?

Non-assisted reproductive technology treatment: Is it effective in infertile patients with advanced endometriosis? By Hale Goksever Celik

The marriage and childbearing ages delay due to the life-style changes in developed countries. As a result, advanced age becomes a major concern in infertility treatments which consist of non-ART and ART modalities. Non-ART treatments include mild ovarian stimulation together…

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A Better Way to Diagnose Endometriosis?

A Better Way to Diagnose Endometriosis? By Özge Özkaya

Three proteins found in the blood and endometrial tissues could be used to determine the stage of endometriosis and the severity of painful periods according to a study published in the journal Current Medical Science. Evaluating the levels of these…

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Endometriosis as a chronic disease: The benefits for the patients

Endometriosis as a chronic disease: The benefits for the patients By Selma Oransay

Rebecca O'Hara et al. from Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, recently published their qualitative case study in the Journal "Australian Health Review", to build a National Policy about endometriosis considering as a chronic disease.    In Australia, long-term complex diseases are managed…

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How are endometriosis patients managed clinically?

How are endometriosis patients managed clinically? By Irem Onur

This review paper by Falcone and Flyckt, entitled “Clinical Management of Endometriosis” published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology aims to summarize the current strategies for treating endometriosis patients with pain, pelvic dysfunction, and subfertility related to their disease. There are many…

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A Balancing Act: How Endometriosis Invades the Body

A Balancing Act: How Endometriosis Invades the Body By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease defined by the presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity. Ectopic endometrial tissues have been shown to have some features that mimic malignancy. For example, endometriosis can invade surrounding structures and attach to surfaces such…

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The association between endometriosis, adenomyosis and preterm delivery

The association between endometriosis, adenomyosis and preterm delivery By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis and adenomyosis are diseases of the same spectrum which have common features and coexist in some but not all patients. Both diseases are characterized by endometrial implants outside of the uterine cavity. Endometriosis is defined as the localization of…

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What is being done to help surgeons detect endometriosis during laparoscopy

What is being done to help surgeons detect endometriosis during laparoscopy By Murat Osman

The gold standard for the diagnosis of endometriosis is diagnostic laparoscopy and histologic confirmation. During laparoscopy, visualization of as many lesions as possible may hold better long-term clinical outcomes. Peritoneal endometriosis is difficult to diagnose intraoperatively due to the heterogeneity…

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Altered Immunity in Endometriosis

Altered Immunity in Endometriosis By Yu Yu

In recent years, there has been increased attention on the role of immune system in endometriosis development. Normally, immune reactions are supposed to destroy endometrial cells seeding in the peritoneal cavity. Nonetheless, in endometriosis, these cells are able to evade,…

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How Artificial Intelligence Can Improve Our Understanding of the Genes Associated with Endometriosis.

How Artificial Intelligence Can Improve Our Understanding of the Genes Associated with Endometriosis. By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a disease characterized by the development of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. A number of studies have shown that endometriosis could have a genetic basis and numerous genes have been studied and proposed to help explain its pathogenesis.…

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Managing of endometriosis and associated ovarian cancer risk

Managing of endometriosis and associated ovarian cancer risk By Yu Yu

According to a number of studies, endometriosis is associated with moderate increase in ovarian cancer risk. This risk is elevated in subjects with a long-standing history of untreated ovarian endometriosis. Endometriosis is particularly associated with risk for certain histological subtypes…

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Emerging medical treatments for endometriosis

Emerging medical treatments for endometriosis By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease whereby uterine tissue grows outside the walls of the uterus to the surfaces of other tissues in the body. It is a chronic disease and relies upon estrogen to grow and survive. Current medical therapies take…

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The Long-Term Effect of Endometriosis

The Long-Term Effect of Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

Women with endometriosis have a decreased pain tolerance even after fertile age and therefore require long-term treatment and psychological support Endometriosis has a long-term effect on the pain tolerance of women, suggests a study published in The Journal of Pain.…

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Recurrence of Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis

Recurrence of Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis By Yu Yu

There are mainly three types of endometriotic lesions. These are ovarian endometriosis, superficial peritoneal endometriosis, and deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). The latter is often described as a lesion with greater than 5 mm invasion of the peritoneal surface. DIE lesions…

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Does Endometriosis Cause Infertility?

Does Endometriosis Cause Infertility? By Özge Özkaya

Infertility may be related to the localization of endometriosis involvement according to a study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. This finding is in agreement with the results of previous studies and could help clinicians in their decision…

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A review on the role of immune cells on the pathogenesis of endometriosis

A review on the role of immune cells on the pathogenesis of endometriosis By Murat Osman

Immune cells play a vital role in the homeostasis against infectious pathogens but also in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Recent research has suggested that different immune cells have unique roles in this pathogenesis. Neutrophils, which are typically the primary acute…

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Interleukin 6 secretion from activated macrophages promotes the migration of endometriotic epithelial cells

Interleukin 6 secretion from activated macrophages promotes the migration of endometriotic epithelial cells By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease. Accumulating evidence suggests that endometriosis patients have a higher level of various inflammatory factors which are associated with the pathogenesis of the disease. Several studies have shown marked increases in macrophage populations and activity…

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Are there any risk factor associated with the progression of endometriosis to ovarian cancer?

Are there any risk factor associated with the progression of endometriosis to ovarian cancer? By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease whereby endometrial glands proliferate outside of the endometrial lining. Apart from causing significant morbidity, It has been found that endometriosis is associated with an increased risk of progression to endometroid and clear cell ovarian cancer. However,…

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The effect of endometriosis on preterm birth risk

The effect of endometriosis on preterm birth risk By Demet Candaş Green

Some studies show that women with endometriosis develop significant complications during pregnancy that lead to preterm labor, and newborns of these women often need neonatal intensive care unit admissions. However, other studies argue that endometriosis have no significant effect on…

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Diagnosis and management of adolescent endometriosis

Diagnosis and management of adolescent endometriosis By Murat Osman

Early onset endometriosis (EOE) is characterized by endometriosis that begins around menarche or early adolescence. Recent evidence suggests that this form of endometriosis may have a different pathogenic origin than that of adult-onset endometriosis. This opinion article suggests that early…

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EFA Medical Conference 2017: "Hormone and Cytokine Sensitivity in Endometriosis" Presentation by Dr. Robert Taylor

EFA Medical Conference 2017: By Kasthuri Nair

The first presenter of the “Estrogen from Inflammation to Cancer: A Distant Link?” section of EFA 2017 Medical Conference was Dr. Robert Taylor from Wake Forest University Health Sciences. Dr. Taylor’s presentation was titled “Hormone and Cytokine Sensitivity in Endometriosis.”…

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High-Mobility Group Box 1 Expression Could Lead to Disease Progression

High-Mobility Group Box 1 Expression Could Lead to Disease Progression By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis can often be characterized by the aberrant ectopic growth of endometriotic stromal cells (ESCs); however, research has yet to elucidate the mechanism driving this growth. The authors of this study, namely Shimizu et al., believe that the high-mobility group…

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A key cytokine in endometriosis can be targeted for endometriosis treatment

A key cytokine in endometriosis can be targeted for endometriosis treatment By Demet Candaş Green

Immune system dysfunction has been implicated in the development of endometriosis. One study showed that 95% of cells found in the peritoneal fluid of women with endometriosis are macrophages with impaired phagocytic function, which are unable to eat away unwanted…

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Women with Mild Endometriosis May Have a Higher Risk of Miscarriage

Women with Mild Endometriosis May Have a Higher Risk of Miscarriage By Özge Özkaya

Mild endometriosis presents an increased risk of miscarriage according to a new study published in the scientific journal Fertility and Sterility.  Researchers think that this may be because superficial lesions are associated with a greater extent of the inflammatory disorder, which may lead…

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A New Treatment Time-Table for Controlling Endometriosis-Associated Pelvic Pain

A New Treatment Time-Table for Controlling Endometriosis-Associated Pelvic Pain By Kasthuri Nair

It is no secret that Endometriosis is an extremely painful disease. Unfortunately, science has yet to determine a treatment that can effectively treat the disease or the associated pain. In their paper titled “Ethinylestradiol 20 mg/drospirenone 3 mg in a…

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Overview of NICE Endometriosis Guidelines

Overview of NICE Endometriosis Guidelines By Kasthuri Nair

In this article titled “Diagnosis and management of endometriosis: summary of NICE guidance,” Kuznetsov et al. talk through the recent endometriosis guidelines set forth by The National Institute for Health Care and Excellence (NICE). The BMJ publication hopes to elucidate…

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Endometriosis and Psychological Health: Butterflies from Deep Wounds

Endometriosis and Psychological Health: Butterflies from Deep Wounds By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis is a grueling disease in every sense of the word; however, most of the discussions center on the physical manifestations of the disease. Facchin et al. veer from the beaten path and examine the impact endometriosis have on a…

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Endometriosis increases the risk of miscarriage

Endometriosis increases the risk of miscarriage By Demet Candaş Green

This systematic review was based on four studies in literature and included a total of 31,167 pregnant women with endometriosis. Several studies were previously performed to establish the association between endometriosis and pregnancy loss with contradictory results. This somewhat large…

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Updates in the Field of Endometriosis: Genetics

Updates in the Field of Endometriosis: Genetics By Kasthuri Nair

This chapter written by Krishnamoorthy and Decherney re-evaluate the literature concerning the genetics of endometriosis. The genetic mechanisms and signaling pathways that led to endometriosis are updated and the tools that help researchers find these abnormal genes and pathways are…

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Interleukin-6 Involved in the Development of Endometriosis

Interleukin-6 Involved in the Development of Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

A chemical produced by the body called Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and known to be involved in inflammation also seems to promote the development of endometriosis. This is according to a study by Chinese scientists published in the journal Medical Science Monitor.…

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The Symptomatic Impact of Endometriosis

The Symptomatic Impact of Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis is a painful illness that affects the lives of many women around the world. A recent article published in Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology titled “The burden of endometriosis symptoms on health-related quality of life in women in…

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More than Four Years Pass Before Endometriosis is Diagnosed After Symptoms First Appear

More than Four Years Pass Before Endometriosis is Diagnosed After Symptoms First Appear By Özge Özkaya

The average time that passes between the onset of symptoms such as pelvic pain and the diagnosis of endometriosis is 4.4 years on average, according to a study conducted by researchers at the pharmaceutical company Abbvie and published in the…

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Unexpected "cancer-related" mutations in "non-cancerous" endometriosis: Do they predict aggressiveness?

Unexpected By Laura Ardighieri

A study supported by Endometriosis Foundation of America, reported by scientists from Johns Hopkins Medicine (Baltimore, USA) and the University of British Columbia (Vancouver, Canada) have identified the molecular alterations of deep infiltrating endometriosis trough a wide exome­ sequencing (protein-coding genetic alphabet…

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Characteristics of Ovarian Endometriotic Cysts Could Help Determine Whether Endometrioma Will Reoccur

Characteristics of Ovarian Endometriotic Cysts Could Help Determine Whether Endometrioma Will Reoccur By Özge Özkaya

The features of ovarian endometriotic cysts could help predict whether endometrioma will re-occur in individual patients, according to a study published in the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Predicting the risk of recurrence is important because it can help…

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