Özge Özkaya, PhD

Özge has a Phd in Molecular Biology and several years experience working as a bench scientists. She has been working in science communication since 2014.

Endometriosis Surgery Improves Sex Life

Women who underwent laparoscopic resection surgery to treat their deep infiltrating endometriosis had improved sexual quality of life and health-related quality of life according to a new study published in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology. These findings are important because they can help guide the right standard of care in the surgical treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis. In order to investigate the long-term effects of laparoscopic excision surgery to treat deep infiltrating endometriosis on the sexual quality of life and…

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Could There Be a Relationship Between Endometriosis and the "Restless Leg Syndrome"?

Women with endometriosis have a significantly higher prevalence of restless leg syndrome according to a study published in the scientific journal "Frontiers in Endocrinology". This is the first study highlighting such an association between the two conditions. These findings are important because they can pave the way to the discovery of new therapies that could address both conditions and improve patients’ quality of life. Restless legs syndrome is characterized by an uncontrollable urge to move the legs especially in the evening…

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Surgery for the Treatment of Endometriosis of the Diaphragm and Thorax

Diaphragmatic and thoracic endometriosis starts in the abdominal wall of the diaphragm and later invades the thorax, based on findings from a series of patients surgically treated for the disease, reports a study published in the Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction.  Therefore, early diagnosis is of great importance, according to Dr. Alexia Wetzel and the co-others of the study who stress that chest pain should be systematically investigated in patients experiencing pelvic endometriosis. To review the current management…

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What Happens to Endometriosis Patients After Endometriosis Surgery?

Although few patients with endometriosis who undergo a hysterectomy need repeat surgery, up to 25% of them need minor surgery. Around 20% of patients who undergo conservative surgery with ovarian preservation require additional endometriosis surgery. Up to one in three patients who had uterine sparing endometriosis surgery later seek infertility assessment.  These results suggest that women with endometriosis should be offered counseling before surgery to inform them about the possibility of their symptoms recurring, the possible need for repeat surgery,…

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Targeting Endometriosis From a Different Angle

Dopamine agonists could help reduce the size of endometriosis lesions and minimize pain, while maintaining ovulation, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Human Reproduction. This constitutes a completely different approach in targeting endometriosis according to Dr. Nuria Pellicer and the co-authors of the study. In the present study, the team of researchers reviewed experimental and clinical data to assess the feasibility of reducing angiogenesis using dopamine agonists to treat endometriosis. Angiogenesis or the formation of new…

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Endometriosis of the Diaphragm, What do the Doctors Know About it?

The median time between the first consultation with a primary care physician and receiving a diagnosis of endometriosis of the diaphragm is two years according to a study by U.K. researchers. In the worse case, it took 23 years for a patient to receive a diagnosis, the study found. The reason for the delay is a lack of awareness among patients and healthcare professionals, according to Rachel Piccus and the co-authors of the study. “ The diagnosis of [diaphragmatic endometriosis]…

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Chronic Opioid Use in Women with Endometriosis

Women with endometriosis are at a higher risk of chronic opioid use compared to those without the disease, according to a new study by researchers in the U.S. This could be due to other diseases that accompany endometriosis.  This finding is important because it could guide clinicians in their choice of pain-relief medication they prescribe patients with endometriosis. In order to evaluate the factors associated with a higher risk of chronic opioid use and the risk of associated complications, the…

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Pain Sensitization and What Should Be Done About it?

Pain sensitization and lumbopelvic impairments are common among women with endometriosis, especially if they have advanced stage disease. This is according to a study by researchers in Spain that was published in the scientific journal "Pain Medicine". The finding underscores the importance of developing rehabilitation interventions targeting pain and lumbopelvic impairments in endometriosis patients. To explore the effect of endometriosis on hypersensitivity to pain and musculoskeletal impairments in the lumbopelvic region, the team of researchers led by Dr. Francisco Artacho-Cordón conducted…

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Perineal Endometriosis, How Soon Does it Return After Surgery?

The higher the body mass index (BMI) of a woman during delivery and within one month after delivery, the quicker the symptoms of perineal endometriosis return. This is according to a recent study that appeared in the World Journal of Clinical Cases. Based on this finding, the authors stress the importance of evaluating the location of endometrial lesions before surgery and recommend immediate surgery following a diagnosis of perineal endometriosis.  Perineal endometriosis is a rare form of endometriosis where hard…

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Selected Blood Inflammatory Biomarkers May Help Identify Endometriosis

Levels of inflammatory biomarkers in the blood differ between women with endometriosis and those without the disease. Levels of some biomarkers also differ according to the stage of endometriosis. This is according to a new study by Polish scientists published in the "International Journal of Molecular Sciences". Based on this finding, the researchers propose a panel of inflammatory biomarkers that could be used to identify women with advanced-stage endometriosis who could qualify for treatment. It is already known that endometriosis…

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Endometriosis and Sexual Satisfaction

Endometriosis affects the ability to have an orgasm during sexual intercourse, according to a study published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine. However, the disease does not have an effect on reaching orgasm via masturbation or sexual activities with a partner that does not involve intercourse. These findings suggest that women living with chronic pelvic pain due to endometriosis could increase their sexual satisfaction by integrating activities in their sex lives that do not involve intercourse. Painful intercourse is one…

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Do Adolescents Know About Endometriosis?

Most secondary school girls have painful periods and many of them don’t know what typical periods are like, according to a study published in the "Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology".  The majority of the girls do not have knowledge of endometriosis, although they are familiar with other chronic conditions such as diabetes and epilepsy. This finding is important and suggests that menstrual health education at school is important to improve knowledge about what a typical period is like, how to…

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KEYNOTE: Excision Without Mutilation: It’s Possible! -  Arnaud Wattiez, MD

In his keynote lecture, Dr. Wattiez talks about the pros and cons of endometriosis surgery and the importance of tailoring endometriosis surgery to individual patients.  “Endometriosis is a disease that degrades patient’s wellbeing," Dr. Wattiez says and gives some examples of the disease’s negative impact on patients’ quality of life. According to Wattiez, 84% of women with endometriosis have a decrease in the quality of their work, one in five report being temporarily disabled, and 40% have their career growth…

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Exploring the Role of Neuropathy in Re-Operative Endometriosis - Marc Possover, MD, PhD

Prof. Possover starts his presentation by summarizing the possible cause of pelvic neuropathy following endometriosis surgery. Pelvic neuropathy is the damage or dysfunction of the pelvic nerve. Prof. Possover explained that this could either be due to incomplete surgery, disease recurrence, or actual damage to the pelvic nerves during endometriosis surgery.  He then talks about the functions of the pelvic nerve including urinary function, rectal function, sexuality, and leg movement describing the role of both the efferent nerve fibers or…

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Operative techniques for Deep Endometriosis Surgery - Shaheen Khazali, MD

In this presentation, Dr. Shaheen Khazali, an endometriosis surgeon specialized in gastrointestinal and urinary tract endometriosis excision and in neuropelveology, talks about the general principles and some techniques for endometriosis surgery focusing on rectovaginal endometriosis. He also describes the "ten rules of endometriosis surgery". According to Dr. Khazali, the fundamentals of endometriosis surgery are the same as any other surgery and anatomical knowledge is key. “We need to know our anatomy and revise even when you have been doing this…

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Egg Freezing for Endometriosis: Should she rush - Tomer Singer, MD

In this presentation, Dr. Tomer Singer, a fertility specialist and the medical director at Shady Grove Fertility in Manhattan, New York talks about egg freezing and its importance for women with endometriosis. He emphasizes the importance of having an endometriosis surgeon and reproductive endocrinologist who work together when caring for a woman with endometriosis. He moves on to explain the process of egg freezing stating that it is very similar to in vitro fertilization (IVF) minus the sperm.  It involves consultation…

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Role of Prophylactic Oophorectomy in Endometriosis Patients with Ovarian Cancer History in the family - Farr Nezhat, MD

Dr. Nezhat starts his presentation by outlining his objectives, which are to review the basics of cancer genetics, give an overview about endometriosis and ovarian cancer, discuss the pathogenesis of malignant transformation of endometriosis, and talk about the clinical implications of endometriosis. He first talks about the factors that can lead to cancer and germline and somatic mutations that can lead to cancer. He then moves onto the characteristics of endometriosis and talks about the common characteristics between endometriosis and…

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Endometriosis: Less is better. How to improve the integration between surgical and medical therapy - Errico Zupi, MD

In this presentation, Dr. Errico Zupi, Associate Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Rome talks about the importance of an integrative approach comprising of both medical and surgical interventions to treat endometriosis.  "The first step is an accurate preoperative diagnosis", Dr. Zupi says and adds that in the past there was a lot of confusion about the best possible method but that currently non-invasive imaging, not laparoscopic surgery, is the best approach. According to Dr.…

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Urological Challenges in Endometriosis Surgery - Guenter Noe, MD

In this presentation, Dr. Guenter Noé, Head of Department of Rheilandklinikum Dormagen in Germany talks about endometriosis affecting the urinary tract. Dr. Noé starts by describing the different parts of the urinary tract that can be affected by endometriosis including the kidneys, ureter, bladder, and urethra.  Dr. Noé then talks about the approaches that can be used to diagnose urinary endometriosis including physical examination, a transvaginal ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and cystectomy. He stresses the importance of having clinicians specializing…

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Could Cosmetics and Personal Care Products Increase the Risk of Endometriosis?

The use of cosmetics and personal care products may be increasing the risk of endometriosis according to a study by Spanish researchers that was published in the journal "Environmental Research". This finding suggests that restricting the use of these products may help reduce the risk of endometriosis. This is important since there is currently no cure for the disease and the available treatments are only targeted at reducing the symptoms. In order to explore the relationship between the use of cosmetics…

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