Özge Özkaya, PhD

Özge has a Phd in Molecular Biology and several years experience working as a bench scientists. She has been working in science communication since 2014.

Younger Women With Endometriosis Feel More Pain

Younger women with endometriosis feel more period pain (dysmenorrhea) and pain during intercourse (dyspareunia) compared to older women with the disease, found a new study published in the Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.  Acknowledging this fact can make sure that patients are diagnosed in a timely manner and receive the treatment they need. “Dyspareunia in adolescents in particular merits clinical attention,” according to the authors of the study. In order to analyze the clinical characteristics and severity of symptoms…

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The "Painful Periods Screening Tool" Could Speed Endometriosis Diagnosis

The Painful Periods Screening Tool (PPST) is a useful tool for women with endometriosis, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Reproductive Sciences. The study's authors said that the tool “ facilitated communication between patients and providers about pain symptoms”. In order to assess the utility and impact of the PPST in improving the delivery of healthcare for patients with pelvic pain, a team of researchers led by Dr. James H. Segars from the Department of Gynecology…

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Gestrinone May Be Safe and Effective in Treating Endometriosis Symptoms

Gestrinone seems to be safe for the treatment of endometriosis, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics. It also may be more effective than danazol and other medical treatments.  However, these findings are based on limited evidence and “should be interpreted with caution,” according to the authors of the study, who also said that “the quality of the evidence provided is generally very low or unclear”. In order to evaluate the safety…

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Deep Endometriosis Surgery and Women’s Quality of Life

The physical and social functions as well as the overall physical health is worse than normal among Spanish women who underwent surgery for deep endometriosis, reported a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Medicine. The bodily pain, emotional role, vitality, and overall mental health of these women is however better.  “These areas could be considered protective factors in this disease,” the researchers wrote and added that since the quality of life is of great importance in adjustments in…

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Minimally Invasive Surgery Improves the Quality of Life of Women With Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis

Minimally invasive surgery improves the quality of life of women with deep infiltrating endometriosis two years after the operation, according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Medicine. The results are similar between conservative and total surgery. However, it is not clear whether robotic or classic laparoscopy is better and more research is needed to clarify this. These findings are important as they can guide doctors and patients in making informed decisions about the best treatment approach.…

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Breastfeeding Seems to Protect Both Mother and Baby From Endo

Breastfeeding seems to decrease the risk of endometriosis, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Breastfeeding Medicine. Similarly, there seems to be a negative association between ingesting breast milk and the risk of developing endometriosis later in life.  This finding underscores the importance of breastfeeding both for the mother and the baby and “should be considered by policymakers and health care providers,” according to the authors of the study. In order to evaluate the effect of breastfeeding…

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Scientists Try to Understand Consequences of Genetic Changes in Endometriosis

The protocol of the "Endometriosis Research Queensland Study" has been published in the scientific journal BMJ Open. The aim of the study is to collect endometrial tissue associated with the disease and chart its genetic architecture. This way, the researchers aim to understand the consequence of genetic changes and their interaction with environmental factors in how the disease develops and responds to treatment.  “During surgery, we will collect blood, peritoneal fluid, endometrium, and endometriotic tissue,” the authors of the study wrote. They…

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The Delay in Endometriosis Diagnosis Is Huge

Eleven years pass on average in Italy for a woman to get diagnosed with endometriosis from when she starts having symptoms. This delay can even be even longer (4 more years) if the symptoms appear before a woman is age 20. These are the findings of a new study by researchers from 16 different institutions in Italy published in The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care.  The authors of the study suggest that educating patients and clinicians about pelvic pain related…

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Endometriosis Care Is More Patient-Centered for age older than 35

Women younger than age 35 receive endometriosis care in a less patient-centered manner compared to older women, found a new study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. This finding underscores the importance of improving endometriosis care, especially for younger women.  “The results contribute to the understanding of the experience of patient-centeredness, which may be used as a guide to how healthcare recourses should be allocated,” the researchers wrote. “Further research is needed to identify other factors contributing to…

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Educational Programs Important to Raise Endometriosis Awareness

An educational program consisting of lectures and group discussions motivated nursing and medical students to seek medical attention so endometriosis can be detected and managed early, reported a new study published in the scientific journal Reproductive Biomedicine Online. However, this was not the case for college students.  “An educational program can improve awareness and knowledge of endometriosis and dysmenorrhoea among young women,” the authors of the study concluded. (Dysmenorrhoea is the painful period associated with endometriosis and a cardinal symptom…

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Social Support is a Predictor of Resilience in Women with Endometriosis

Satisfying social support and good mental health are key resources for resilience among patients with endometriosis, according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Medicine.  “The results of this study may assist in the identification of women at risk for low resilience and the development of resilience-building strategies in patients with endometriosis,” wrote first author Dr. Roxana Schwab and the co-authors of the study. Endometriosis is a debilitating disease that negatively impacts a woman’s physical as well…

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Endometriosis Increases Risk of Sexual Dysfunction But Only Before Menopause

Endometriosis increases the risk of sexual dysfunction, found a new study by US scientists. But this is the case only before menopause.  This finding can guide doctors in decision-making about evaluating the sexual function of women with endometriosis who have not yet reached menopause. It was already known that endometriosis could affect the sexual function of women with endometriosis.  Here, a team of researchers led by Dr. Carol Kuhle a Consultant and Assistant Professor of Medicine at the Mayo Clinic…

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Taller Girls More Likely to Have Recurring Endometriosis

Adolescents who are taller and have three or more lesions are at a higher risk of endometriosis recurrence following surgery, according to a new study by Chinese researchers published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. They should, therefore, be given more attention, according to the authors of the study. “This finding can guide the postoperative treatment of adolescent patients with endometrioma,” they wrote. In order to explore the clinical manifestation, clinical stage, and risk factors of endometriosis recurrence following…

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Endometriosis and Body Image

Endometriosis has a negative effect on health-related quality of life and body familiarity according to a new study published in the Journal of Psychosomatic Research. Based on this finding, the authors of the study recommend that body familiarity should be assessed and if necessary treated in women diagnosed with endometriosis as part of psychological treatment pathways. It is not well understood how women diagnosed with endometriosis see and relate to their bodies. However, the disease is associated with a number of…

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Researchers Develop New Mouse Model of Endometriosis

Researchers from China developed a new mouse model to study endometriosis that could help researchers better understand the molecular mechanisms that lead to the development of endometriosis and develop potential new treatments for the disease.  Even though many animal models to study endometriosis already exist, these use human endometrial tissue implanted in the abdominal cavity to model the disease and rarely use cultured endometrial cells separately. So they may not fully represent what is really happening during the development and…

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Combined Birth Control Pills May Be Beneficial in Reducing Endometriosis Pain

Treatment with an extended regimen of ethinylestradiol and drospirenone improves health-related quality of life, according to a new study conducted on Japanese women with painful periods or pelvic pain due to endometriosis. (Ethinylestradiol and drospirenone are medications that are widely used in birth control pills). These findings are based on a clinical trial sponsored by Bayer that investigated the effect of the combined oral contraceptive of birth control pill, YazFlex. The trial enrolled 577 patients, 262 of whom had endometriosis…

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Placenta Previa More Common Among Pregnant Women With Endometriosis

Endometriosis is associated with a higher risk of placenta previa, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Reproductive Sciences. This is the case whether the women became pregnant following in vitro fertilization (IVF). Moreover, for women with endometriosis who have placenta previa and Cesarean section, the average time of the operation and time spent in the hospital is higher compared to women without endometriosis. This finding is important because it can ensure pregnant women with endometriosis are followed…

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Study Identifies Factors Associated With Risk of UrinaryTract Endometriosis Recurrence

Being younger than age 25 and having an autoimmune disease are significant predictors of the recurrence of urinary tract endometriosis after surgery according to a new study published in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology. Adjuvant hormonal therapy, on the other hand, seems to have a protective role. Urinary tract endometriosis can affect different parts of the urinary tract including the ureters, bladder, and kidneys. The gold standard for the treatment of the disease is laparoscopic deep excision surgery. However,…

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Transvaginal Ultrasound Could Be Sufficient to Properly Diagnose Deep Endometriosis and Ovarians Endometriomas

Following the International Deep Endometriosis Analysis consensus can improve the accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound to diagnose ovarian endometriomas and deep infiltrating endometriosis, according to a new study published in the scientific journalUltrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology. “ (…) at this point, we believe there is sufficient evidence for integrating routine clinical evaluation of  [deep endometriosis] using [transvaginal ultrasound] for patients with suspicion for endometriosis rather than relying exclusively on laparoscopy as the historical gold standard,” wrote Dr. Mathew Leonardi, the…

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Endometriosis and IBS Have Different Comorbidities

Comorbidities of endometriosis and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are different despite several overlapping symptoms, according to a new study published in the scientific journal Human Reproduction. These comorbidities are usually related to the organ systems that are primarily involved in the index diagnosis. Although these results support those of previous studies showing a high prevalence of certain comorbidities in women with endometriosis and IBS, it is important to differentiate these comorbidities to ensure that women are given the right diagnosis.…

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