Rhein usage in endometriosis: A potential new therapeutic agent

Rhein usage in endometriosis: A potential new therapeutic agent By Eylül GÜN

The invasive nature of endometriosis has prompted scientists to find preventative and curative methods.  The progression and proliferation of endometriotic lesions are being studied extensively. As one of the agents used in Chinese herbal medicine for inflammatory disorders, rhein is…

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Research Identifies New Genes That Could Be Targeted to Treat Endometriosis

Research Identifies New Genes That Could Be Targeted to Treat Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

Researchers identified three new genes that could help understand the invasiveness of endometriosis. They also identified one new gene that could be related to the recurrence of the disease. These genes may potentially be new therapeutic targets for endometriosis. In…

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Long noncoding RNAs to predict the endometriosis recurrence

Long noncoding RNAs to predict the endometriosis recurrence By Hale Goksever Celik

Despite extensive research, the exact pathophysiologic mechanism of endometriosis remains unclear; and the absence of non-invasive biomarkers to diagnose endometriosis is still a big problem both for clinicians and patients. The recurrence of endometriosis is another challenge that is difficult…

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Exploring a bonafide biomarker to predict endometriosis

Exploring a bonafide biomarker to predict endometriosis By Eylül GÜN

Endometriosis is a complex disease affecting many women in the reproductive age group. As it is important to figure out the mechanisms responsible for the disease, it is also crucial to identify biomarkers that can be used in the diagnosis…

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MicroRNAs in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and infertility

MicroRNAs in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and infertility By Eylül GÜN

The gold standard in the diagnosis of endometriosis is laparoscopy and histopathological diagnosis, however search for a non-invasive method has been ongoing. Some biomarkers such as Cancer Antigen 125 have been thought to be useful, but because of their low…

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Fixing holes: prevention and treatment of complications - Jon Einarsson, MD, MPH

Fixing holes: prevention and treatment of complications - Jon Einarsson, MD, MPH By Selma Oransay

Dr. Einarsson shared his operating room video screens during his speech for discussing four major complications (ureter, bladder,  bowel, and vascular) of endometriosis surgery and the ways to repair them. Fixing the ureter damage: Endometriotic nodules may settle on the tract…

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Non-coding RNAs and Endometriosis

Non-coding RNAs and Endometriosis By Ellen Tumimbang

Non-coding RNAs may have a fundamental role in the development of endometriosis. Non-coding transcripts have regulatory roles in the expression of protein-coding genes, thus regulate several signaling pathways. Based on their length, these non-coding RNAs are classified into two main classes:…

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Early maternal separation and endometriosis progression in adult mice

Early maternal separation and endometriosis progression in adult mice By Hale Goksever Celik

The quality of life in the women affected by endometriosis depends on the symptoms and signs of endometriosis such as dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Although several studies have been performed to investigate the underlying pathophysiologic mechanism, it…

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Racial and ethnic disparities and women health

Racial and ethnic disparities and women health By Selma Oransay

The well documented racial and ethnic disparities in Obstetrics and Gynecology in the US make available to use them as an indicator of implicit bias in giving unequal health and care service to minorities. Dr. Bryant from Massachusetts General Hospital,…

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miR-92a and progesterone resistance in endometriosis

miR-92a and progesterone resistance in endometriosis By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disorder. This incidence of this disease is 35% to 50% among those who suffer from chronic pelvic pain and infertility, which has a negative effect on the quality of life and on health. Recent genome-wide associations…

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tRNA-derived fragments in ovarian endometriosis?

tRNA-derived fragments in ovarian endometriosis? By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent mysterious disorder characterized by the presence of endometrium outside the normal location of the uterus cavity. This disease affects approximately 10% of reproductive-aged women and becomes a major reason for infertility in reproductive-aged women and dysmenorrhea…

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Role of miR-141 in endometriosis

Role of miR-141 in endometriosis By Nadire Duru

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short (18–24 nucleotides) endogenous non-coding RNAs that regulate a broad range of signaling pathways. They bind to specific sequences resulting in mRNA degradation and protein inhibition. Deregulation of miRNAs is associated with the development of many disease…

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A new ultrasound subgrouping reveals good clinical correlations in adenomyosis

A new ultrasound subgrouping reveals good clinical correlations in adenomyosis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Exacoustos and colleagues from two endometriosis tertiary referral centers in Rome, Italy published their observational, prospective study of the recently proposed transvaginal ultrasonographic scoring system in the "Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology". Adenomyosis or “endometriosis interna” is defined as the…

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Machine Learning Classifiers for Endometriosis

Machine Learning Classifiers for Endometriosis By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a complicated gynecological disorder that affects about 176 million women worldwide. It significantly impairs mental and physical quality of life in patients but the etiology is poorly understood. Endometriosis also causes a large economic burden due to loss…

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Endometriosis as an epigenetically regulated disease

Endometriosis as an epigenetically regulated disease By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is defined as the abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. It affects about 10% of reproductive age women resulting in severe pain and infertility. Among various theories of endometriosis pathogenesis, not a single one has successfully…

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Perinatal risk factors for endometriosis

Perinatal risk factors for endometriosis By Irem Onur

Gao M. et al., from Sweden analyzed the associations of maternal and birth characteristics with the risk of endometriosis among Swedish women of reproductive age. They have recently published their study in the "International Journal of Epidemiology". The authors conducted…

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Does ovarian endometriosis affect oocyte quality?

Does ovarian endometriosis affect oocyte quality? By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a very common gynecological disorder affecting women in their reproductive years. It is reported that patients with endometriosis have reduced implantation and pregnancy rates compared to healthy women. According to the various previous studies, the quality of the…

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MicroRNA Inhibitor as an Endometriosis treatment

MicroRNA Inhibitor as an Endometriosis treatment By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a well-known estrogen-dependent gynecological disorder. This disease affects approximately 20% to 50% of infertile women and 10% of reproductive-aged women resulting in infertility and pelvic pains.  In order to find endometriosis-specific treatment, various studies have been tried to…

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Inside to outside or from outside to inside?

Inside to outside or from outside to inside? By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Pathogenesis of "adenomyosis", presence of the ectopic endometrium tissue within the uterine muscles, has largely been classically based on origin from basalis endometrium. Khan and associates from Japan have published their new conceptual findings on adenomyosis in Reproductive BioMedicine Online. In…

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The reason for lower BMI and less body fat in women with endometriosis.

The reason for lower BMI  and less body fat in women with endometriosis. By Selma Oransay

Zolbin et al. from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, USA, recently published the results of their prospective controlled research on adipocyte alterations in endometriosis, in the journal "Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology". Endometriosis can…

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Adenomyosis (endometriosis interna): an enigmatic disease that has to be discovered yet

Adenomyosis (endometriosis interna): an enigmatic disease that has to be discovered yet By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Scientists, Drs. Vannuccini and Petraglia from Italy have published an open access comprehensive review of Adenomyosis in "F1000Research" in March 2019 issue. Adenomyosis is a uterine disorder in which endometrial glands and stroma are pathologically demonstrated within the myometrium, i.e.…

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Immunologic Disorder in the Progression of Endometriosis

Immunologic Disorder in the Progression of Endometriosis By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis becomes increasingly a health-social problem. However, definite diagnostic biomarkers and more effective treatments for endometriosis are still missing to this day.  Many researchers focus on the peritoneal microenvironment of patients with endometriosis, especially the immunological microenvironment. Recently, Jørgensen et…

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Anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects of "Quercetin" on endometriosis

 Anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects of By Dr. Youngran Park

Quercetin is a major flavonol that is mainly derived from capers and involves a daily consumption of approximately 25–50 mg through various vegetables. In recent studies, Quercetin is reported as a functional compound in obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. This compound…

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Maternal and fetal outcomes in women with endometriosis : A review and meta-analysis

Maternal and fetal outcomes in women with endometriosis : A review and meta-analysis By Selma Oransay

Lalani et al from Dept. of Obstet. and Gynecol. , University of Ottowa, Canada, recently published this systemic review and meta-analysis of observational studies in the Journal of Human Reproduction, aimed to present the difference in the maternal and fetal…

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MTA1 as a predictor for the progression of endometriosis.

MTA1 as a predictor for the progression of endometriosis. By Selma Oransay

Jing Zhang et al. from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Affiliated Haikou Hospital, Xiangya Medical College of Central South University, Hainan, China, published their article in the open access medical journal "Medicine". Their aim was to evaluate the relationship between…

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Polymorphism of IL12B May Help Solve Endometriosis

Polymorphism of IL12B May Help Solve Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

Zhao et al. recently published a paper titled “A functional promoter polymorphism in interleukin 12B gene is associated with an increased risk of ovarian endometriosis” in Gene. The research group from Hebei Medical University wanted to explore the potential roles…

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Detecting endometriosis using peripheral blood

Detecting endometriosis using peripheral blood By Yu Yu

Laparoscopic visualization of endometriotic lesions with histological confirmation is the gold standard for the diagnosis of endometriosis. However, this diagnostic procedure, due to the need for laparoscopy and variability of disease/symptoms, can have a major delay up to 8-10 years…

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Personalised Medicine for Endometriosis?

Personalised Medicine for Endometriosis? By Özge Özkaya

The lining of the uterus of women with endometriosis is different from that of women without the disease even if they have chronic pelvic pain found a study published in the scientific journal Biology of Reproduction. The difference is found…

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Alternative Solutions: Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Endometriosis Pain

Alternative Solutions: Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation for Endometriosis Pain By Kasthuri Nair

Bi and Xie, researchers from The Yan’an People’s Hospital, recently published the results of their retrospective study titled “Effect of neuromuscular electrical stimulation for endometriosis-associated pain” in Medicine. The study hoped to elucidate the effects of using a complementary and…

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Epigenetic link between endometriosis and cancer

Epigenetic link between endometriosis and cancer By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Although endometriosis is considered a benign condition the cellular, histologic, and molecular data strongly demonstrate that endometriosis has neoplastic characteristics. There is strong evidence that endometriosis shares striking features with malignancy like normal tissue dissemination, invasion, and organ damage, as well as new vessel formation (neoangiogenesis).  In…

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Non-coding RNAs in endometriosis

Non-coding RNAs in endometriosis By Dr. Youngran Park

The pathophysiological mechanisms causing the development of endometriosis, which is a heterogeneous disease remain enigmatic, and a lack of effective biomarkers necessitates surgical intervention for diagnosis. Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecules, which are important regulators of cellular function, have been implicated…

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HOXA10: A Culprit in Endometriosis Disease Progression

HOXA10: A Culprit in Endometriosis Disease Progression By Kasthuri Nair

Zheng et al., a group of authors from the Aerospace Center Hospital in Bejing and from the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University in Wenzhou, recently published a paper in Reproductive Sciences entitled “Decreased Expression of HOXA10 May Activate the…

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miRNAs, Could Be a Reliable Biomarker of Endometriosis

miRNAs, Could Be a Reliable Biomarker of Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

miRNAs, small pieces of genetic material found in the blood could be used as a reliable marker to diagnose endometriosis, according to a study by U.S. researchers. They could also be used to follow the progression of the disease and…

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Menstrual Effluent Can Change the Future of Endometriosis

Menstrual Effluent Can Change the Future of Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

During Endometriosis Awareness Month, Warren et al. published a paper entitled “Analysis of menstrual effluent: diagnostic potential for endometriosis” in Molecular Medicine. This paper relies heavily on the theory of retrograde menstruation, where menstrual effluent flows into the peritoneal cavity.…

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Epigenetic regulation of the pathological process in endometriosis.

Epigenetic regulation of the pathological process in endometriosis. By Dr. Youngran Park

Epigenetic mechanisms have been recognized as important players in the development of a broad range of human diseases including endometriosis. A growing body of evidence shows that the remodeling of retrograde endometrial tissues to the ectopic endometriotic lesions involves multiple epigenetic…

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Effects of osteopathic manipulative therapy in patients with colorectal endometriosis

Effects of  osteopathic manipulative therapy in patients with colorectal endometriosis By Laura Ardighieri

Alternative treatments have been used for colorectal endometriosis, between them Chinese medicine, acupuncture and more recently osteopathic manipulative therapy. The osteopathic manipulative therapy has been shown to reduce the chronic pain working on muscular contractions due to vicious analgesic positions.…

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High-Mobility Group Box 1 Expression Could Lead to Disease Progression

High-Mobility Group Box 1 Expression Could Lead to Disease Progression By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis can often be characterized by the aberrant ectopic growth of endometriotic stromal cells (ESCs); however, research has yet to elucidate the mechanism driving this growth. The authors of this study, namely Shimizu et al., believe that the high-mobility group…

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Biomarkers as a Diagnostic Tool

Biomarkers as a Diagnostic Tool By Kasthuri Nair

Ahn, Singh and Tayade discuss the difficulties and delay in diagnosing Endometriosis in their paper titled “Biomarkers in endometriosis: challenges and opportunities.” Thus far research has identified a multitude of potential biomarkers that are found in various parts of the…

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Women with endometriosis are increasingly seeking alternative medical therapies for symptom relief

Women with endometriosis are increasingly seeking alternative medical therapies for symptom relief By Murat Osman

Cyclic premenstrual pain and discomfort (CPPD) encompasses a number of symptoms commonly experienced by many women including premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and is experienced by both women with and without endometriosis. CPPD includes physical and emotional symptoms associated with menstruation including…

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The Potential Molecular Mechanisms that Drive Endometriosis Progression

The Potential Molecular Mechanisms that Drive Endometriosis Progression By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis is a mysterious disease in that the exact mechanism that causes the illness is still at large. Yang et al. recently published a paper in the European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences that hopes to elucidate the molecular…

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Endometriosis : A Whole Body Disease

Endometriosis : A Whole Body Disease By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis is a disease that impacts multiple parts of an individual’s body. Seminars in Reproductive Medicine recently published a paper by Alderman III et al. entitled “The Systemic Effects of Endometriosis” explores the various comorbidities that can affect individuals suffering…

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The Endometrium Itself is Genetically Different in Endometriosis Patients

The Endometrium Itself is Genetically Different in Endometriosis Patients By Özge Özkaya

Researchers in China identified a number of genes that are differentially expressed in the eutopic endometrium of women with endometriosis and those without. The researchers think that these genes may be involved in the development of endometriosis and that they…

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New Molecular Targets for the Treatment of Endometriosis-Associated Pain

New Molecular Targets for the Treatment of Endometriosis-Associated Pain By Ezio Rosato

The study identifies potential new targets for alleviating chronic pelvic pain that afflicts many women with endometriosis. A new study published in the scientific journal Redox Biology shows that molecules called microRNAs could be a potential new target to combat…

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