Racial and ethnic disparities and women health

Racial and ethnic disparities and women health By Selma Oransay

The well documented racial and ethnic disparities in Obstetrics and Gynecology in the US make available to use them as an indicator of implicit bias in giving unequal health and care service to minorities. Dr. Bryant from Massachusetts General Hospital,…

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Endometriosis Diagnosis in White, Black, and Asian Women

Endometriosis Diagnosis in White, Black, and Asian Women By Özge Özkaya

In a commentary published in the "International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology", Drs. Farland and Horne talk about a study by researchers in Canada and the Philippines, which found that black women are less likely, and Asian women are more likely to…

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Menstrual Blood Proteins for Endometriosis Diagnosis

Menstrual Blood Proteins for Endometriosis Diagnosis By Ellen Tumimbang

Endometriosis is a gynecological disorder characterized by endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. The backflow of menstrual blood from the uterus through the fallopian tubes is thought to be the cause of endometrial tissue growing outside the uterine cavity when…

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Race, socioeconomic status, and health

Race, socioeconomic status, and health By Dr. Youngran Park

Racial disparities in health have been long noted in the United States. The differences in socioeconomic status across racial groups are a major contributor to racial disparities in health. However, race reflects multiple dimensions of social inequality. Understanding and effectively…

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Diagnosis and treatment algorithm for endometriosis

Diagnosis and treatment algorithm for endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Endometriosis is a chronic and progressive disease that affects 25-30% of women between 25-35years, clinicians commonly experience during their gynecologic practice. However, the diagnosis is still late or sometimes incorrect, and this creates severe health problems and worse outcomes. A…

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Endometriosis by Race

Endometriosis by Race By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is usually diagnosed in reproductive-aged women with an incidence of approximately 10%. The most common presenting symptoms are dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility in patients with endometriosis. Some risk factors have been identified for the development of…

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Discrepancies between racial/ethnic groups and choice of hysterectomy procedures

Discrepancies between racial/ethnic groups and choice of hysterectomy procedures By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Pollack and associates from Washington University, St.Louis, made multistate research regarding the patient profile in hysterectomies and published their results in the 2019 December issue of "The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology". The most frequently performed nonobstetric surgery in…

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How Can Racial and Ethnic Disparities Be Reduced Among Women’s Health and Healthcare?

How Can Racial and Ethnic Disparities  Be Reduced Among Women’s Health and Healthcare? By Özge Özkaya

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published a set of recommendations to help reduce racial and ethnic disparities in women’s health and healthcare and encourage obstetricians, gynecologists, and other health care practitioners to engage in activities to help achieve…

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The efficacy of combined hormonal contraception on pelvic pain in endometriosis patients

The efficacy of combined hormonal contraception on pelvic pain in endometriosis patients By Irem Onur

Chronic pelvic pain, which is experienced by more than 33% of endometriosis patients, constitutes a significant challenge for patients and physicians. A new study that appears in the journal Human Reproduction Open has explored the prevalence of endometriosis patients with a history…

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Adolescent dysmenorrhea and future endometriosis

Adolescent dysmenorrhea and future endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Dysmenorrhoea is typically classified as primary, or secondary due to underlying pathologies like fibroids, endometriosis, adenomyosis or uterine anomalies. Generally, long-term dysmenorrhea is present in endometriotic patient's anamnesis, but until recently, the research to clarify this connection remained retrospective. Knox et…

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Nutraceuticals may help for endometriosis pain

Nutraceuticals may help for endometriosis pain By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

 Dysmenorrhea and chronic pelvic pain occur in endometriosis patients in a significant percentage. Anti-inflammatory medications and lifestyle changes including diet form the integrated approach in this regard. However, the medications can be used only for the short term. Natural substances with anti-inflammatory…

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Exosome: a new avenue for endometriosis research

Exosome: a new avenue for endometriosis research By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis affects 10% of reproductive-aged women. The pathophysiology of this disease remains mysterious, with a lack of effective biomarkers necessitating surgical intervention for diagnosis. This creates an urgent need for accurate noninvasive diagnostic tests and the identification of effective therapeutic…

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Endometriosis and female pelvic pain in all aspects

Endometriosis and female pelvic pain in all aspects By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is defined as the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal tissue outside the uterine cavity. The prevalence of the disease ranges between 6-10% in reproductive-aged women. However, endometriosis is more frequently encountered in women with chronic pelvic pain and…

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Endometriosis-associated pain control by contraceptive implant or intrauterine system

Endometriosis-associated pain control by contraceptive implant or intrauterine system By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is defined as the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal cells outside the uterine cavity. The most common symptoms are dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and chronic pelvic pain, all of which affect the quality of women’s lives. Several studies investigating the…

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A Balancing Act: How Endometriosis Invades the Body

A Balancing Act: How Endometriosis Invades the Body By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease defined by the presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity. Ectopic endometrial tissues have been shown to have some features that mimic malignancy. For example, endometriosis can invade surrounding structures and attach to surfaces such…

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Oral Contraceptives and Low-Cost Progestins to Reduce Endometriosis-Associated Pain

Oral Contraceptives and Low-Cost Progestins to Reduce Endometriosis-Associated Pain By Özge Özkaya

Most women with endometriosis-associated pain did not feel the need to use expensive progestin or undergo surgery. Instead, they were satisfied with a low-cost progestin to treat their symptoms. This is according to a study published in the journal Fertility…

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Contraceptives for the management of endometriosis pain

Contraceptives for the management of endometriosis pain By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a common gynecologic disease that affects many women of reproductive age and is associated with significant morbidity. One of the treatment options for women with endometriosis is the use of oral contraceptives (OCPs) for pain management. However, its…

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Which Endometriosis Treatment is Better: NETA or Extended-cycle OC (Seasonique®)?

Which Endometriosis Treatment is Better: NETA or Extended-cycle OC (Seasonique®)? By Kasthuri Nair

Scala et al. recently shared the findings of their patient preference prospective study in a journal article titled “Norethindrone acetate versus extended-cycle oral contraceptive (Seasonique®) in the treatment of endometriosis symptoms: A prospective open-label comparative study,” which was published in the…

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Switching to a Low-Cost Progestin May Help Reduce Endo Pain When Oral Contraceptives Won’t Work

Switching to a Low-Cost Progestin May Help Reduce Endo Pain When Oral Contraceptives Won’t Work By Özge Özkaya

The majority of women with endometriosis-associated pain were satisfied to have switched to a treatment with norethisterone acetate or NETA, a synthetic, orally active progestin, when their oral contraceptive was ineffective, found a study published in the journal Reproductive Sciences.…

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A Potential New Target for the Treatment of Endometriosis

A Potential New Target for the Treatment of Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

A protein called STIP1 could be facilitating the migration of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, therefore, leading to endometriosis according to a study by Taiwanese researchers. The protein could, thus, be used as a potential therapeutic target for endometriosis.  For…

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Ectoenzymes as endometriosis biomarkers

Ectoenzymes as endometriosis biomarkers By Yu Yu

The diagnosis of endometriosis is often delayed by 7 to 11 years because of the lack of a non-invasive diagnostic test. The ovarian endometriomas occur in about 17%-44% of women with endometriosis and cysts which contain endometrial tissue and fluid…

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Hormonal Contraceptives and the Risk of Breast Cancer

Hormonal Contraceptives and the Risk of Breast Cancer By Kasthuri Nair

A study titled “Contemporary Hormonal Contraception and the Risk of Breast Cancer” was recently published in The New England Journal of Medicine and was immediately picked up and summarized by many well-known newspapers and broadcasting journals, including but not limited…

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Zinc and lead levels in blood are altered in endometriosis

Zinc and lead levels in blood are altered in endometriosis By Demet Candaş Green

Trace metals are metals usually present in small but measurable amounts in the body. They are needed by living organisms to function properly and when depleted, can be replenished through diet and environmental exposures. Some common trace metals include iron,…

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The Benefits of Vaginal Administration of Drugs

The Benefits of Vaginal Administration of Drugs By Kasthuri Nair

There are numerous methods of drug administration used by healthcare providers today. Buggio and colleagues suggest the vagina as another avenue for delivery. They recently published a paper titled "Per vaginam" topical use of hormonal drugs in women with symptomatic…

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The Most Cost Effective Medical Treatment to Prevent Recurrent Endometriosis

The Most Cost Effective Medical Treatment to Prevent Recurrent Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

A new study conducted in China found that a class of drugs called Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH-a) is more cost effective for the treatment of recurrent endometriosis despite the fact that they are more expensive than oral contraceptives. The results…

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Hormonal Contraceptives and Endometriomas

Hormonal Contraceptives and Endometriomas By Kasthuri Nair

Hormonal contraceptive has recently become a popular choice of birth control for many women. The European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology recently published an article entitled “Incidence of ovarian endometrioma among women with peritoneal endometriosis with and…

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