Oxidative stress leads to elevated cytokines, excessive structural damage and angiogenesis

Oxidative stress leads to elevated cytokines, excessive structural damage and angiogenesis By Yu Yu

Endometriosis is characterized by elevated intracellular reactive oxygen species, which is then believed to upregulate inflammatory cytokines. Reactive oxygen species also regulate the activation of nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), which is closely linked with immune responses.…

Key Points Lay Summary

Fertility and Oxidative Stress

Fertility and Oxidative Stress By Yu Yu

One of the characteristics of endometriosis is oxidative stress caused by an imbalance between the production of reactive oxygen species and their resolution by antioxidants. Increased oxidative stress can lead to the damage of proteins, lipids, DNA and other molecules.…

Key Points Lay Summary

Endometriosis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

Endometriosis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease By Selma Oransay

Endometriosis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease show the same pathologic mechanism in terms of endothelial dysfunction. Tan et al. from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada reviewed the literature aiming to determine whether women…

Key Points Lay Summary

The role of inflammation, oxidative stress, angiogenesis, and apoptosis in the pathophysiology of endometriosis

The role of inflammation, oxidative stress, angiogenesis, and apoptosis in the pathophysiology of endometriosis By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a very common gynecological disorder affecting approximately 10% of reproductive-aged women, and it is known by the abnormal growth of endometrial stroma and glands outside the uterus. Though the pathogenesis of endometriosis is not clearly understood so far,…

Key Points Lay Summary

Does ovarian endometriosis affect oocyte quality?

Does ovarian endometriosis affect oocyte quality? By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a very common gynecological disorder affecting women in their reproductive years. It is reported that patients with endometriosis have reduced implantation and pregnancy rates compared to healthy women. According to the various previous studies, the quality of the…

Key Points Lay Summary

Searching new biomarkers for endometriosis

Searching new biomarkers for endometriosis By Selma Oransay

This recent article published in Advances in Clinical Chemistry, is an overall summary of characteristics, physiopathological theories, diagnostic approaches and variety of biomarkers to diagnose endometriosis and penned by Coutinho et al. from Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Belo Horizonte,…

Key Points Lay Summary

The relationship between periodontal disease and endometriosis

The relationship between periodontal disease and endometriosis By Irem Onur

Thomas et al. have recently studied the association between endometriosis and periodontal disease which may share a common pathogenesis, and have published it in the Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences. The authors screened a total of50 women; 25 with and 25…

Key Points Lay Summary

Is Physical Exercise Effective in Endometriosis?

Is Physical Exercise Effective in Endometriosis? By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is defined as the localization of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility are mostly encountered symptoms of endometriosis. Although there are several theories explaining the pathogenesis of endometriosis, the exact pathogenesis still has…

Key Points Lay Summary

Vitamin C supplementation in the patients with endometriosis undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer

Vitamin C supplementation in the patients with endometriosis undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is defined as the localization of endometrial stromal and glandular cells outside the uterine cavity. Women having endometriosis present with dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility. Thus, infertility remains a significant problem for women with endometriosis. Endometriosis is…

Key Points Lay Summary

Oxidative Stress and Endometriosis

Oxidative Stress and Endometriosis By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease characterized by ectopic endometrial tissue outside the endometrium and is associated with a background of a chronic inflammation. Recent studies have aimed to elucidate the inflammatory mediators involved in endometriotic lesions by studying immune cell interactions,…

Key Points Lay Summary

N-acetyl cysteine, alpha lipoic acid and bromelain improved endometriosis-associated pelvic pain

N-acetyl cysteine, alpha lipoic acid and bromelain improved endometriosis-associated pelvic pain By Yu Yu

Oxidative stress has been implicated in many processes that lead to the development and progression of endometriosis. Typically, women with endometriosis have to endure pelvic pain which negatively impacts their quality of life. Pelvic pain can be chronic and related…

Key Points Lay Summary

Detecting endometriosis using peripheral blood

Detecting endometriosis using peripheral blood By Yu Yu

Laparoscopic visualization of endometriotic lesions with histological confirmation is the gold standard for the diagnosis of endometriosis. However, this diagnostic procedure, due to the need for laparoscopy and variability of disease/symptoms, can have a major delay up to 8-10 years…

Key Points Lay Summary

Expert discussion on mechanisms of endometriosis development and progression

Expert discussion on mechanisms of endometriosis development and progression By Yu Yu

Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the occurrence and worsening of endometriosis. Classically, it is believed that retrograde menstruation causes endometriosis. However, the presence of endometriosis in newly menarcheal or pre-menarcheal girls cannot fully explain this early onset endometriosis.…

Key Points Lay Summary

Another Marker to Predict the Outcome of IVF for Women with Endometriosis

Another Marker to Predict the Outcome of IVF for Women with Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

AOPPs or advanced oxidative protein products may be new markers to predict egg quality and the outcomes of IVF in infertile women with endometriosis according to a study published in the journal Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine. This finding suggests that anti-oxidative treatments…

Key Points Lay Summary

Endometriosis pathogenesis through the lens of reactive oxygen species

Endometriosis pathogenesis through the lens of reactive oxygen species By Yu Yu

Oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species is an essential factor in endometriosis pathogenesis. The harmful effects of reactive oxygen species have been implicated in many diseases, although the multiple biological changes caused is unclear especially in endometriosis. The article…

Key Points Lay Summary

Endometriosis and Oxidative Stress

Endometriosis and Oxidative Stress By Dr. Youngran Park

The etiology of endometriosis is still unclear. However, it is now widely accepted that oxidative stress, defined as an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidants, may be implicated in the pathophysiology of endometriosis causing a general inflammatory response…

Key Points Lay Summary

A Two-Wave Molecular Mechanism for Endometriosis Disease Progression

A Two-Wave Molecular Mechanism for Endometriosis Disease Progression By Kasthuri Nair

Kobayashi et al. recently published a review paper in Molecular Medicine Reports titled “Pathogenesis of endometriosis: The role of initial infection and subsequent sterile inflammation,” which discusses at length the role of non-specific bacterial infection and sterile inflammation in the…

Key Points Lay Summary

Agents Causing Red Blood Cell Lysis Worsens Endometriosis

Agents Causing Red Blood Cell Lysis Worsens Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis is a painful disease characterized by inflammation and the presence of pro-oxidation factors. These pro-oxidation factors are also released when red blood cells (RBCs) lyse. A paper titled “Dapsone hydroxylamine-mediated alterations in human red blood cells from endometriotic patients”…

Key Points Lay Summary

New Molecular Targets for the Treatment of Endometriosis-Associated Pain

New Molecular Targets for the Treatment of Endometriosis-Associated Pain By Ezio Rosato

The study identifies potential new targets for alleviating chronic pelvic pain that afflicts many women with endometriosis. A new study published in the scientific journal Redox Biology shows that molecules called microRNAs could be a potential new target to combat…

Lay Summary

Increased Oxidative Stress in Endometriosis may Be Linked to Higher Risk of Ovarian Cancer

Increased Oxidative Stress in Endometriosis may Be Linked to Higher Risk of Ovarian Cancer By Ezio Rosato

In the study that was published in the scientific journal Translational Oncogenomics, a group of researchers led by Dr. Hariyono Winarto from the Universitas Indonesia in Jakarta identified increased oxidative stress as one of the causes that might explain the…

Lay Summary