Diagnosing Deep Endometriosis Using Transvaginal Elastosonography

Diagnosing Deep Endometriosis Using Transvaginal Elastosonography By Murat Osman

Deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is an advanced form of endometriosis that causes significant morbidity to a large number of women. Early detection of endometriosis is imperative for early treatment and improved outcomes for these patients. Currently, transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) and magnetic…

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How should MRI images be obtained for optimal endometriosis detection?

How should MRI images be obtained for optimal endometriosis detection? By Murat Osman

It is well known that the diagnosis of endometriosis for some patients with the chronic pelvic disease is delayed, often for years, due to the disease, patient, and physician-led factors. An area of active study is how ordering physicians can…

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Imaging of gastrointestinal endometriosis

Imaging of gastrointestinal endometriosis By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease characterized by the ectopic implantation of endometrial tissue to surrounding pelvic and extra-pelvic structures. One frequent site of involvement is the gastrointestinal(GI) tract, which occurs especially among women with deep infiltrating endometriosis. Most cases of GI-involving…

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All aspects of endometriosis reviewed with focus on modern management

All aspects of endometriosis reviewed with focus on modern management By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Chapron and associates from academic centers in France published in Nature Review Endocrinology, a comprehensive review on endometriosis. The article is inclusive of all aspects of endometriosis but especially focuses on the management of the disease with its contemporary status.  Having a…

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Does Getting Pregnant Really Help When You Have Endometriosis?

Does Getting Pregnant Really Help When You Have Endometriosis? By Özge Özkaya

Pregnancy has a favorable impact on the volume of deep infiltrating endometriosis lesions according to a study published in the scientific journal "PLoS One". This is the first study that demonstrates such a favorable impact of pregnancy on endometriosis lesion…

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Endometriosis Severity and Complication Risks Following Laparoscopic Surgery

Endometriosis Severity and Complication Risks Following Laparoscopic Surgery By Özge Özkaya

In a research article published in the journal Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts suggested that the severity of endometriosis could not be a predictor of the risk of post-operative complications. In…

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Post-menopausal women diagnosed with Endometriosis and "Imaging"

Post-menopausal women diagnosed with Endometriosis and By Murat Osman

Postmenopausal endometriosis is an underrecognized clinical entity that may present similarly to those of younger patients with endometriosis. Radiologists have an important role in the diagnosis of these patients as they recommend which imaging study should be used to differentiate…

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MRI findings predicting the need for colorectal surgical treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis

MRI findings predicting the need for colorectal surgical treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis By Irem Onur

LAY SUMMARY: Brusic A. et al., a group of researchers from Australia, conducted a retrospective study to identify the features of deep infiltrating endometriosis on MRI which have an association with colorectal surgical bowel resection. They have recently published their…

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Not a malignancy, it is "polypoid endometriosis"

Not a malignancy, it is By Irem Onur

Ghafoor S. et al., from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, NY, USA, has recently reported a case of a 60-year-old postmenopausal woman with an incidental pelvic mass mimicking a pelvic malignancy on ultrasound. Their paper has been published in the…

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Which Diagnosis Technique is Better?

Which Diagnosis Technique is Better? By Özge Özkaya

Transvaginal ultrasound provides a more accurate localization of vaginal and recto-vaginal endometriosis compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) according to a study published in the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. However, MRI has better accuracy in detecting bladder endometriosis…

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Endometriosis that involves the nerves: how Radiologists can help

Endometriosis that involves the nerves: how Radiologists can help By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease with variable clinical symptoms. While rare, nerve involvement by endometriosis may cause neurologic symptoms such as pelvic pain, muscle weakness, bowel and bladder incontinence, and paraplegia depending on the specific nerve involved. Thus, abdominal radiologists should…

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MRI or TVS for accurate diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis?

MRI or TVS for accurate diagnosis of rectosigmoid endometriosis? By Demet Candaş Green

Rectosigmoid endometriosis (RE) is seen in about 90% of patients with bowel endometriosis. Rectosigmoid is the region between the rectum and the sigmoid colon, which is a region easily accessed and assessed by two most common noninvasive imaging modalities –…

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Adenomyosis (endometriosis interna): an enigmatic disease that has to be discovered yet

Adenomyosis (endometriosis interna): an enigmatic disease that has to be discovered yet By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Scientists, Drs. Vannuccini and Petraglia from Italy have published an open access comprehensive review of Adenomyosis in "F1000Research" in March 2019 issue. Adenomyosis is a uterine disorder in which endometrial glands and stroma are pathologically demonstrated within the myometrium, i.e.…

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MRI-based "ENZIAN" scoring system and intra-operative endometriosis findings

MRI-based By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory disease whereby endometrial-like glands grow and invade the extra-uterine structures. Endometriosis may affect various parts of the body, including the peritoneum, ovaries, or retroperitoneum. Recently, non-invasive methods for detecting these lesions have included trans-vaginal ultrasound…

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A guide on the Assessment of Pelvic Endometriosis Imaging

A guide on the Assessment of Pelvic Endometriosis Imaging By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease whereby ectopic endometrial-like tissue invades and survives outside of the endometrial cavity. While biopsy-proven confirmation of endometriosis during laparoscopy has been considered the gold standard for diagnosis, non-invasive imaging modalities are increasingly being utilized for preoperative…

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The appearance of postoperative endometriosis by imaging methods

The appearance of postoperative endometriosis by imaging methods By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease mostly encountered in reproductive-aged women. Endometriosis can occur in three different entities: peritoneal, ovarian and deep endometriosis. Golden standard diagnosis is made by histopathological examination of surgical material after laparoscopic surgery in women with…

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Can MRI be used to detect anterior pelvic endometriotic lesions?

Can MRI be used to detect anterior pelvic endometriotic lesions? By Hale Goksever Celik

Deep infiltrating endometriosis is the most severe manifestation of endometriosis. It is defined as the infiltration of ectopic endometrial tissue under the peritoneum, pelvic structures, and the organ walls such as the uterosacral ligaments, colon, vagina, bladder, ureter, rectovaginal septum,…

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Feasibility of MRI-Transvaginal Ultrasound Imaging for Deeply Infiltrating Endometriosis

Feasibility of MRI-Transvaginal Ultrasound Imaging for Deeply Infiltrating Endometriosis By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease whereby endometrial tissue is present outside of endometrium. A specific form of endometriosis, Deeply Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE), is characterized by endometriotic glands that invade through the endometrium and other structures in the pelvis and is associated…

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Difficulties Associated with Diagnosing Ascites and Encapsulating Peritonitis in Endometriosis

Difficulties Associated with Diagnosing Ascites and Encapsulating Peritonitis in Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

De Magalhães et al. recently published a paper titled “Ascites and Encapsulating Peritonitis in Endometriosis: a Systematic Review with a Case Report” in Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia. The team from the Universidade Federal do Ceará and the Universidade…

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A Way to Better Diagnose Colorectal Endometriosis

A Way to Better Diagnose Colorectal Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

Combining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with computed tomography-based virtual colonoscopy (CTC) can make the assessment of colorectal endometriosis more accurate. This is important because it can help doctors plan the surgery better and inform their patients. In order to evaluate…

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Using the "Mushroom Cap" sign to describe endometriotic masses

Using the By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease whereby ectopic endometrial cells attach and grow outside of the uterus. A number of imaging techniques have been used to evaluate and assess endometriotic lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a type of imaging modality used…

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How to Minimize the Costs Associated with Endometriosis Care

How to Minimize the Costs Associated with Endometriosis Care By Kasthuri Nair

Paolo Vercellini, Maria Pina Frattaruolo and Laura Buggio, from Milan, Italy,  recently published an editorial titled “Toward minimally disruptive management of symptomatic endometriosis: reducing low-value care and the burden of treatment” in Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research. The…

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MRI Best at Detecting Intestinal Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis

MRI Best at Detecting Intestinal Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) seems to be a better method in identifying deep infiltrating endometriosis in the intestine compared to two-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS), found a study by researchers in Italy and Spain. However, this does not seem to be the…

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EFA Medical Conference 2017: "Breast Cancer in Young Women; Early Diagnosis Timely Intervention" Presentation by Dr. Stephanie Bernik

EFA Medical Conference 2017: By Kasthuri Nair

Dr. Stephanie Bernik is the Chief of Surgical Oncology of Surgery and General Surgery at the Lenox Hill Hospital. She recently presented at the EFA 2017 Medical Conference, and her presentation was titled “Breast Cancer in Young Women; Early Diagnosis…

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A Combination Treatment of Psychotherapy With Somatosensory Stimulation for Pain Reduction

A Combination Treatment of Psychotherapy With Somatosensory Stimulation for Pain Reduction By Kasthuri Nair

Women suffering from endometriosis often cite pelvic pain, anxiety, and depression as some of the worst core symptoms experienced due to the disease; however, emerging research has shown these signs, specifically pelvic pain, may be influenced by psychological trauma. In…

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Ultrasound-guided High-intensity Focused Ultrasound can Treat Abdominal Wall Endometriosis

Ultrasound-guided High-intensity Focused Ultrasound can Treat Abdominal Wall Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

Endometriosis is a painful and complicated disease that can manifest in various ways. One particular way is Abdominal Wall Endometriosis (AWE), which usually arises from surgery. As is true for other types of endometriosis, there has yet to be a…

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New Approach could help Preoperative Differentiation of Endometriosis and Cancer

New Approach could help Preoperative Differentiation of Endometriosis and Cancer By Özge Özkaya

Researchers in Japan identified some radiological parameters that could be used to differentiate between endometriosis-associated ovarian cancer (EAOC) and a particular type of benign ovarian endometriosis (OE), making it easier for doctors to offer the right treatment to women who…

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With so many imaging tools and modalities, which one should be used for endometriosis?

With so many imaging tools and modalities, which one should be used for endometriosis? By Murat Osman

Intestinal endometriosis affects 5 to 12% of women with endometriosis and commonly presents as dyschezia, rectal bleeding, cyclic defecation pain, constipation, and diarrhea. Currently, surgical treatment includes segmental rectal resection with colorectal anastomosis, but it is often riddled with complications.…

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Updates in the Field of Endometriosis: Imaging

Updates in the Field of Endometriosis: Imaging By Kasthuri Nair

Hoyos, Johnson, and Puscheck wrote a chapter titled “Endometriosis and Imaging” that discusses the imagining technologies that can be used to diagnosis and examine individuals with the disease. This chapter evaluates three types of imagining, namely Ultrasound (US), Magnetic Resonance…

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Special considerations for the evaluation of Endometriosis on MRI

Special considerations for the evaluation of Endometriosis on MRI By Murat Osman

Pelvic endometriosis may involve either superficial peritoneal or ovarian tissues or may spread to the organs and ligaments of the pelvis in what is known as deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). According to the size and location of these lesions, patients…

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