Neonatal uterine bleeding at birth and endometriosis later in life

Neonatal uterine bleeding at birth and endometriosis later in life By Selma Oransay

In the first few days after birth, some female newborns bleed from the vaginal route, and this is called newborn uterine bleeding. The overt and occult neonatal uterine bleeding prevalence rates are 3-5% and 25-60% retrospectively. The causative risk factors for…

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New visions on diaphragmatic endometriosis

New visions on diaphragmatic endometriosis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Elvin Piriyev and Thomas Römer from Academic Hospital Cologne Weyertal, Germany have published their retrospective analysis of diaphragm endometriosis in a recent issue of the European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. About 7-10% of reproductive-age women have endometriosis but diaphragm…

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Deep infiltrating endometriosis and postoperative pregnancy outcomes

Deep infiltrating endometriosis and postoperative pregnancy outcomes  By Selma Oransay

Although the current ESHRE guidelines state that there is no strong evidence to support surgical intervention to improve the spontaneous pregnancy rate in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis and advise Assisted reproduction technology irrespective of the severity of endometriosis, several studies…

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Comparison of two different surgical approach to deep colorectal endometriosis in terms of postoperative outcomes.

Comparison of two different surgical approach to deep colorectal endometriosis in terms of postoperative outcomes. By Selma Oransay

Deep colorectal endometriosis affects one-fifth of women with endometriosis, which is commonly associated with more pelvic pain and severe gastrointestinal symptoms. Three surgical approaches for deep colorectal endometriosis are segmental colorectal resection, full-thickness discoid resection, and shaving operation. Choosing the…

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A new classification called ENDOGRADE to rate surgical complexity in deep endometriosis.

A new classification called ENDOGRADE to rate surgical complexity in deep endometriosis. By Selma Oransay

Correlation with patient outcomes could not be identified in most endometriosis classification systems including the commonly used revised ASRM. Therefore, in addition to grading the depth and invasion pattern of the lesions, there is a need for a classification system to…

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Postoperative outcomes of laparoscopic rectosigmoid resection for bowel endometriosis.

Postoperative outcomes of laparoscopic rectosigmoid resection for bowel endometriosis. By Selma Oransay

Rectosigmoid endometriosis comprises 80-85% of all bowel endometriosis cases and can be localized in the rectovaginal septum, uterosacral ligaments, retro-cervical region, and parametrium. Symptoms of rectosigmoid endometriosis include abdominal bloating, constipation-diarrhea, lower-back pain, dyschezia, and sometimes cyclic rectal bleeding. Minimally…

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Pain Scoring System for Deep Endometriosis

 Pain Scoring System for Deep Endometriosis By Selma Oransay

The numeric pain scale is commonly used to interpret pain score values. According to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, pain scores of 4-7 points indicate moderate, and  8-10 points indicate severe pain. Patients with a local pain score of…

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Ultrasonographic findings predicting parametrial deep endometriosis

Ultrasonographic findings predicting parametrial deep endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Transvaginal ultrasonographic evaluation is the primary imaging technique to rule out deep endometriosis. Although the International Deep Endometriosis Analysis Group (IDEA) published a consensus to standardize the nomenclature of ultrasonographic pelvic examination in women with suspected deep endometriosis, parametrial deep endometriosis…

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The #Enzian classification, an essential tool for surgical management of severe endometriosis

The #Enzian classification, an essential tool for surgical management of severe endometriosis By Hale Goksever Celik

The lecture entitled "The #Enzian classification, an essential tool for surgical management of severe endometriosis" was presented by Professor. Jörg Keckstein, from the University Ulm, Germany, at the Annual International Medical Conference of the Endometriosis Foundation of America held in New York on…

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Which surgery for deep endometriosis? Laparoscopic shaving or rectal resection?

 Which surgery for deep endometriosis? Laparoscopic shaving or rectal resection? By Selma Oransay

This keynote lecture entitled "Deep endometriosis: The place of laparoscopic shaving" was presented by Dr. Jacques Donnez, the director of the infertility research unit at the Catholic University of Louvain, Brussels, Belgium, at the Annual International Medical Conference of the Endometriosis Foundation…

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Ultrasonographic Presurgical Staging and Classification of Endometriosis

 Ultrasonographic Presurgical Staging and Classification of Endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Laparoscopic surgery is the gold standard for diagnosing endometriosis, but a preoperative imaging procedure is strongly recommended. Transvaginal sonography by a skilled examiner is not inferior to MRI diagnostics regarding sensitivity and specificity in predicting the extension of deep endometriosis.  …

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Gastrointestinal symptoms in colorectal deep endometriosis

Gastrointestinal symptoms in colorectal deep endometriosis By Eylül GÜN

The colon, particularly the recto-sigmoid is the most commonly involved area in deep endometriosis. These patients suffer from gastrointestinal symptoms almost as much as pelvic pain symptoms the most common being reported as frequent and painful defecation. Gastrointestinal symptoms may…

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Deep Endometriosis Surgery and Women’s Quality of Life

Deep Endometriosis Surgery and Women’s Quality of Life By Özge Özkaya

The physical and social functions as well as the overall physical health is worse than normal among Spanish women who underwent surgery for deep endometriosis, reported a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Medicine. The bodily pain, emotional…

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How beneficial is colorectal surgery for patients with deep endometriosis?

How beneficial is colorectal surgery for patients with deep endometriosis? By Eylül GÜN

In cases of deep endometriosis, which causes more severe pain and gastrointestinal symptoms, the patient's quality of life and fertility outcomes are negatively affected. Surgical intervention is thought to be the optimal treatment method in colorectal deep endometriosis cases, however,…

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Fertility assessment and surgical approach in endometriotic patients.

Fertility assessment and surgical approach in endometriotic patients. By Selma Oransay

The prevalence of endometriosis is around 50-70% in women with pelvic pain, and it has been reported as 50% in patients with infertility. Severe adhesive disease associated with advanced endometriosis is a cause of fertility impairment. The relationship between endometriosis…

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Postoperative outcomes of deep intestinal endometriosis surgery.

 Postoperative outcomes of deep intestinal endometriosis surgery. By Selma Oransay

Invasion of endometriotic lesions to the bowels' mucosal and/or muscular levels is called intestinal deep endometriosis. These lesions are most frequently found in the rectosigmoid colon, followed by the rectum, ileum,  appendix, and caecum. The optimal surgical approach to intestinal deep…

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Adenomyosis Increases Risk of Surgical Complications

Adenomyosis Increases Risk of Surgical Complications By Özge Özkaya

Adenomyosis increases the risk of deep endometriosis surgery complications, according to a new study published in the journal Scientific Reports. Patients with deep endometriosis and adenomyosis should therefore be informed about this risk before undergoing surgery. Adenomyosis occurs together with…

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Diaphragmatic endometriosis

Diaphragmatic endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Diaphragmatic endometriosis is a rare clinical condition that may show signs and symptoms like chest pain, right upper quadrant abdominal pain, shoulder pain, pleuritic pain, hemothorax, pneumothorax, hemoptysis, and thoracic endometriosis syndrome while the major part of the patients is…

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A comparison of endometriosis Classifications: rASRM, EFI or Enzian?

A comparison of endometriosis Classifications: rASRM, EFI or Enzian? By Selma Oransay

None of the endometriosis classifications provide a clinically valuable system since the very first description of the disease in 1860. One unique terminology to describe the localization and the extension of the disease is needed, which should be the same…

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Surgery before in-vitro fertilization – Is it beneficial in patients with deep endometriosis?

Surgery before in-vitro fertilization – Is it beneficial in patients with deep endometriosis? By Eylül GÜN

Deep pelvic endometriosis is thought to be related to infertility by altering the pelvic environment and anatomy due to pelvic adhesions, and the changes in endometrial receptivity contribute to it. The discussion on whether the surgical intervention was beneficial started…

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Emotions on the 'Surgery Requirement' in patients with bowel endometriosis

Emotions on the 'Surgery Requirement' in patients with bowel endometriosis By Eylül GÜN

Endometriosis is known to have many adverse effects in patients’ lives such as a significant decrease in the quality of life, psychosocial problems, loss of productivity and focus while working. With the constant chronic pain, the patients mostly present with…

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Complex Relation Between Body mass index and endometriosis

Complex Relation Between Body mass index and endometriosis By Selma Oransay

This research aimed to find the relationship between BMI and endometriosis especially related to surgical phenotype and lesion location. An observational cohort study was led by  Holdsworth-Carson et al, from Australia. The article was recently published in "RBMO" . Many earlier studies report…

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Urinary Function Alterations after Surgery for Deep Endometriosis.

Urinary Function Alterations after Surgery for Deep Endometriosis. By Selma Oransay

Laparoscopic surgery is a mainstay therapy for symptomatic patients with DE. Although our findings of improvement in many domains of urinary function are encouraging, postoperative deterioration in urinary function was found for patients with initial normal function. More research is…

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How to measure the length of recto-sigmoid deep endometriosis reliably?

How to measure the length of recto-sigmoid deep endometriosis reliably? By Eylül GÜN

An in-depth assessment is needed when rectosigmoid deep endometriosis is decided to be treated surgically. Surgery carries a lot of risks and it is not always easy to decide which procedure the patient would benefit the most from. Patient-oriented surgical…

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Limits of endometrioma surgery in infertility patients - Liselotte Mettler, MD, PhD

Limits of endometrioma surgery in infertility patients - Liselotte Mettler, MD, PhD By Selma Oransay

The removal of endometrioma may affect ovarian reserve because healthy follicles near endometrioma could also be excised during this procedure. Another concern about the ovarian reserve is that it may be already low before the surgery. Anti Mullerian Hormone (AMH)…

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Endometriosis involving the Sacral Plexus and Sciatic Nerve

Endometriosis involving the Sacral Plexus and Sciatic Nerve By Irem Onur

Endometriosis rarely involves the sacral and sciatic nerves. A retrospective analysis led by Rouen University Hospital, France and Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, published in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, has evaluated preoperative complaints, intraoperative findings, surgical procedures, and postoperative…

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Magnetic resonance imaging classification for the management of deep pelvic endometriosis

Magnetic resonance imaging classification for the management of deep pelvic endometriosis By Irem Onur

A new study published in the journal "Human Reproduction" reported that operating time, hospital stay, and postoperative complications in patients who underwent surgery for deep endometriosis can be predicted by the MRI. This result may be useful for clinicians to…

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Inhibiting killer on the move

Inhibiting killer on the move By Yu Yu

The three main forms of endometriosis are superficial, ovarian, and deep endometriosis. The latter is defined by the presence of endometriotic nodules that are deeper than 5 mm. Deep endometriosis is considered the most aggressive and is associated with severe…

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Bowel surgery for endometriosis

Bowel surgery for endometriosis By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disorder. The disease harbors various complications. Deep endometriosis involving the bowel is only one aspect of the condition that has variable phenotypic presentations and pathologic subtypes. Knowledge of the short- and long-term risks of the surgical…

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Transvaginal sonography for predicting the distance between rectosigmoid endometriosis and the anal verge

Transvaginal sonography for predicting the distance between rectosigmoid endometriosis and the anal verge By Timur Seckin

For optimal surgery, pre-surgical assessment of the distance between rectosigmoid deep endometriosis lesions and the anal verge (Lesion to Anal Verge Distance-LAVD) is recommended by many specialists. A group of researchers from Norway, Austria, and Australia studied the accuracy of…

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How to predict complications for endometriosis surgery?

How to predict complications for endometriosis surgery? By Timur Seckin

In a new study co-led by scientists at Sorbonne University, a nomogram is built to better inform patients about the risk of deep endometriosis surgery without bowel involvement. The findings have been published in the European Journal of Obstetrics &…

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Pregnancy with endometriosis

Pregnancy with endometriosis By Demet Candaş Green

Current literature suggests that complications of endometriosis during pregnancy are rare; however, a non-negligible increase in the likelihood of placenta accreta (placenta grows too deeply into the uterine wall), preterm birth, and cesarean delivery has been reported. With the increase…

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The association of significant hemoperitoneum (blood in the abdominal cavity) and deep pelvic endometriosis

The association of significant hemoperitoneum (blood in the abdominal cavity) and deep pelvic endometriosis By Irem Onur

 Although there are several theories to explain the etiology of deep endometriosis, the cause is unknown and there are currently no effective strategies to prevent its development. Bean E. et al., from University College London Hospital, UK,  observed that some…

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Choosing the Right Technique for Deep Colorectal Endometriosis

Choosing the Right Technique for Deep Colorectal Endometriosis By Dr. Youngran Park

Endometriosis is a benign gynecologic condition, histologically defined by the presence of ectopic endometrium outside the endometrial cavity. Three clinical presentations of endometriosis have been described and could coexist in the pelvis: peritoneal endometriosis, ovarian endometriosis, and deep infiltrating endometriosis.…

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Signs and Symptoms on Transvaginal Ultrasound associated with the presence of endometriosis.

Signs and Symptoms on Transvaginal Ultrasound associated with the presence of endometriosis. By Murat Osman

Endometriosis is a disease whereby ectopic endometrial cells are present outside of the uterus. Transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) is a highly specific test for endometriomas and deep endometriosis to assess the involvement of endometriosis in the posterior anatomic compartments. While the…

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Conservative Surgery May Be Sufficient to Halt the Development of Deep Endometriosis

Conservative Surgery May Be Sufficient to Halt the Development of Deep Endometriosis By Özge Özkaya

Deep endometriosis develops as a result of collective cell migration and nerve recruitment from surrounding organs, suggests a study published in the scientific journal Fertility and Sterility.   Collective cell migration is the biological process whereby a group of cells moves…

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Three dimensional sono-vaginography to diagnose rectovaginal endometriosis

Three dimensional sono-vaginography to diagnose rectovaginal endometriosis By Hale Goksever Celik

Deep infiltrating endometriosis is defined as the localization of ectopic endometrial tissue penetrating more than 5 mm into the affected pelvic organs. Rectovaginal endometriosis is the most severe form of deep infiltrating endometriosis in which ectopic endometrial tissue infiltrating rectum…

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Endometrioma and endometriosis

Endometrioma and endometriosis By Irem Onur

Exacoustos C. et al. published an article titled “The isolated ovarian endometrioma: a history between myth and reality” in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology in 2018. They aimed to examine the association between ovarian endometriomas detectable at the transvaginal ultrasound…

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Should I Have Surgery Before Trying to Conceive?

Should I Have Surgery Before Trying to Conceive? By Özge Özkaya

The presence of rectouterine nodules is associated with a lower chance of becoming pregnant with in vitro fertilization (IVF), according to a study published in the Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction. This finding is important as it can…

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Prior endometriosis surgery and the risk of pregnancy complications

Prior endometriosis surgery and the risk of pregnancy complications By Irem Onur

Koninckx et al. discussed the association of pregnancy complications with endometriosis and endometriosis surgery in their recently published paper in the journal Fertility and Sterility. They especially mentioned about the retrospective study of Nirgianakis et al. published in the same…

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The Heritability of Endometriosis

The Heritability of Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

The mechanisms underlying endometriosis, genetic or otherwise, have yet to be understood. Thus, very little is known about how one can be afflicted with this disease. Isidor et al. recently published a paper titled “Familial deep endometriosis: A rare monogenic…

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CA-125 may be useful for the diagnosis of deep infiltrating endometriosis

CA-125 may be useful for the diagnosis of deep infiltrating endometriosis By Asli Bahadirli Talbott

Marco Aurélio Oliveira et al. conducted a prospective study at outpatient gynecology clinic and Endometriosis Treatment Center in Pedro Ernesto University Hospital (Rio de Janeiro State University) between January 2012 and January 2016 with two groups of patients: deep infiltrating endometriosis…

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