How does adenomyosis affect IVF outcomes?

How does adenomyosis affect IVF outcomes? By Hale Goksever Celik

Adenomyosis is defined as the localization of endometrial tissue in the muscle layer of uterus. Several theories have been proposed to explain the reasons of adenomyosis-associated infertility including uterine dysperistalsis, abnormal transportation of sperm in the uterine cavity, and embryo…

Key Points Lay Summary

Endometriosis Increases the Risk of Premature Labor Study Reports

Endometriosis Increases the Risk of Premature Labor Study Reports By Özge Özkaya

Women with endometriosis who conceive naturally are at a high risk of giving birth prematurely and having their baby admitted to neonatal intensive care unit, compared to women without the disease, according to the results of a clinical study. The…

Key Points Lay Summary

Ovarian cancer risk in endometriosis and adenomyosis

Ovarian cancer risk in endometriosis and adenomyosis By Eylül GÜN

Through the historical development of the nomenclature for endometriotic tissue found inside and/or outside the uterus, many terminologies have been used. The accepted terminology is still the one introduced by Sampson: “Endometriosis”. “Adenomyosis” also known as “endometriosis interna” which is…

Key Points Lay Summary

Uterine cancer risk in "endometriosis" and "adenomyosis"

Uterine cancer risk in By Selma Oransay

Adenomyosis and endometriosis share similar characteristics, and endometriosis is reported to have an increased risk of ovarian cancer. However, the risk of uterine cancer is not clear yet. Hermens and colleagues from Catharina Hospital, from the Netherlands, designed a population-based…

Key Points Lay Summary

Adenomyosis in adolescents

Adenomyosis in adolescents By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Exacoustos and colleagues from two tertiary referral university hospitals in Italy published their results on adenomyosis in adolescent patients in a recent issue of  “The Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology”. Adenomyosis is the presence of endometrial glands and stroma…

Key Points Lay Summary

The clues for pain and infertility in endometriosis/adenomyosis complex

The clues for pain and infertility in endometriosis/adenomyosis complex By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Drs. Gruber and Mechsner from Charite University-Berlin, Germany published their comprehensive review on pathophysiological background of endometriosis and adenomyosis in the scientific periodical “Cells”. Chronic pain and fertility problems are the main clinical issue in endometriosis and adenomyosis patients. In order to…

Key Points Lay Summary

Is the presence of nerve fibers in the endometrium associated with endometriosis?

Is the presence of nerve fibers in the endometrium associated with endometriosis? By Eylül GÜN

Endometriosis is a common disease in reproductive women and diagnostic imaging have a limited role in its diagnosis. The gold standard diagnostic method remains to be the histopathological examination of the tissue obtained via laparoscopy. One of its most common…

Key Points Lay Summary

Adenomyosis, fertility, and obstetric outcomes

Adenomyosis, fertility, and obstetric outcomes By Hale Goksever Celik

Adenomyosis is the localization of endometrial glandular and stromal cells within the myometrial wall. Although magnetic resonance imaging has a higher ability to discriminate and identify adenomyosis, transvaginal ultrasonography is a cheaper, more accessible, and practical method in daily clinical practice for…

Key Points Lay Summary

Impact of adenomyosis on sexual life

Impact of adenomyosis on sexual life By Selma Oransay

Considering the similar etiopathogenesis and pain symptoms between adenomyosis and deep infiltrating endometriosis, Alcalde et al. from the Department of Gynecology, University of Barcelona, Spain, aimed to call attention to the presence of potential sexual dysfunction not only in patients with deep…

Key Points Lay Summary

Predictors for achieving pregnancy in patients with adenomyosis and endometriosis

Predictors for achieving pregnancy in patients with adenomyosis and endometriosis By Bahar Yuksel

Adenomyosis and endometriosis are benign conditions, however, both situations are associated with deterioration of life quality, a requirement of hospital administrations, and infertility. Laparoscopic surgery is the main treatment option especially for women who desire pregnancy. Shi and colleagues aimed…

Key Points Lay Summary

Ultrasonographic signs of adenomyosis, surgery and infertility in endometriosis patients

Ultrasonographic signs of adenomyosis, surgery and infertility in endometriosis patients By Bahar Yuksel

Adenomyosis is simply defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma within the uterine myometrium and is related to severe menstrual bleeding, pain, and infertility. Previous reports demonstrated the coexisting of endometriosis and adenomyosis is common. In the present…

Key Points Lay Summary

The need for the standardization of diagnostic protocols for "adenomyosis"

The need for the standardization of diagnostic protocols for By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Squillace and associates from Brasilian Academic and Health Centers published their paper titled “Adenomyosis and in vitro fertilization impacts- a literature review” in a recent issue of "JBRA Assisted Reproduction". As common gynecological ailment adenomyosis frequently coexists with endometriosis.…

Key Points Lay Summary

Evaluation of preoperative risk factors of ureteral endometriosis

Evaluation of preoperative risk factors of ureteral endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Endometriosis affects the urinary tract in 1% to 5.5% of the patients, and among them, bladder involvement is 70-85%, while ureteral involvement alone is 9% to 23%.  Ureteral endometriosis is most commonly unilateral, especially on the left side, usually affecting…

Key Points Lay Summary

Adenomyosis: accuracy of the diagnostic methods and the synchronism with deep infiltrating endometriosis

Adenomyosis: accuracy of the diagnostic methods and the synchronism with deep infiltrating endometriosis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Alborzi and associates from Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, have published their comprehensive retrospective research conducted on 3725 patients with clinical symptoms of endometriosis over a period of 3 years, in "Reproductive Sciences" medical journal.  A relationship between…

Key Points Lay Summary

Current research on adenomyosis tissues with immunohistochemistry reveal novel findings

Current research on adenomyosis tissues with immunohistochemistry reveal novel findings By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Xiaofang Xu and associates from Fudan University, China have recently published their research on adenomyosis-related research results in "Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology". Adenomyosis is a benign gynecological condition, prevalent worldwide that is characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissues in…

Key Points Lay Summary

The cause of PAIN in patients with adenomyosis

The cause of PAIN in patients with adenomyosis By Bahar Yuksel

Adenomyosis is known to be a painful disease with heavy menstrual cycles and negatively affects fertility. Even adenomyosis and endometriosis look alike, it is still crucial to call them as different variation of the same disease. The mechanism underlying the…

Key Points Lay Summary

Separation of epithelia and stroma components in endometriosis lesions yields remarkable molecular points - Ie-Ming Shih, MD, Ph.D.

Separation of epithelia and stroma components in endometriosis lesions yields remarkable molecular points - Ie-Ming Shih, MD, Ph.D. By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

The pathologies of adenomyosis and endometriosis are unique among non-malignant gynecological diseases and provide fertile research topics. Ectopic endometrial tissues may have distinct molecular changes distinct from eutopic endometria despite having similar morphology. In this regard, there are intriguing suggestions as…

Key Points Lay Summary

Further Evidence that endometriosis is related to tubal or ovarian cancer - Togas Tulandi, MD

Further Evidence that endometriosis is related to tubal or ovarian cancer - Togas Tulandi, MD By Selma Oransay

Most authors suggest an association of endometriosis mainly with clear cell, low-grade serous, and endometrioid ovarian cancer.  But in two large cohort studies, no correlation between them is reported (Olson et al. 2002 and Tseng et al. 2019) Dr. Tulandi…

Key Points Lay Summary

Insoluble Dilemma of Adenomyosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment  - Errico Zupi, MD

Insoluble Dilemma of Adenomyosis: Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment  - Errico Zupi, MD By Selma Oransay

The prevalence of adenomyosis has been reported to range from 1% to 70% in different studies. This large range can be explained by the lack of standard diagnostic criteria by imaging modalities or pathological analyses. Sixty-five% of the women with adenomyosis…

Key Points Lay Summary

Endometriosis and adenomyosis could be the “sides of the same coin”.

Endometriosis and adenomyosis could be the “sides of the same coin”. By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

The two common gynecological disorders, namely adenomyosis, and endometriosis are not settled yet, whether they are representing two different entities or different phenotypes of the same ailment. Dr. Maruyama and colleagues from Nara, Japan searched PubMed and Google Scholar electronic…

Key Points Lay Summary

All aspects of endometriosis reviewed with focus on modern management

All aspects of endometriosis reviewed with focus on modern management By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Dr. Chapron and associates from academic centers in France published in Nature Review Endocrinology, a comprehensive review on endometriosis. The article is inclusive of all aspects of endometriosis but especially focuses on the management of the disease with its contemporary status.  Having a…

Key Points Lay Summary

The genetic mutations in uterine adenomyosis

The genetic mutations in uterine adenomyosis By Hale Goksever Celik

Adenomyosis is defined as the localization of endometrial stromal and glandular cells in the myometrium. This disease is a reproductive-aged women disease, like endometriosis. Additionally, adenomyosis is frequently observed together with endometriosis and leiomyomas due to common histological features and…

Key Points Lay Summary

A new ultrasound subgrouping reveals good clinical correlations in adenomyosis

A new ultrasound subgrouping reveals good clinical correlations in adenomyosis By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Exacoustos and colleagues from two endometriosis tertiary referral centers in Rome, Italy published their observational, prospective study of the recently proposed transvaginal ultrasonographic scoring system in the "Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology". Adenomyosis or “endometriosis interna” is defined as the…

Key Points Lay Summary

Increased obstetrical complications after ART therapy in endometriosis patients.

Increased obstetrical complications after ART therapy in endometriosis patients. By Selma Oransay

To examine the impact of endometriosis and adenomyosis on ART therapy, Harada et al. from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Tottori University, Japan, planned a prospective cohort study and published their results recently in PLoS One.  The study…

Key Points Lay Summary

Inside to outside or from outside to inside?

Inside to outside or from outside to inside? By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Pathogenesis of "adenomyosis", presence of the ectopic endometrium tissue within the uterine muscles, has largely been classically based on origin from basalis endometrium. Khan and associates from Japan have published their new conceptual findings on adenomyosis in Reproductive BioMedicine Online. In…

Key Points Lay Summary

New findings in adenomyosis (endometriosis interna) patients with potential theraupetic research implications

New findings in adenomyosis (endometriosis interna) patients with potential theraupetic research implications By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Xue Shen and associates from Beijing, China have published their observations related to cannabinoid receptors, i.e., CB1 and CB2, in patients with adenomyosis, recently in the journal  "Biomed Research International".  Adenomyosis is an estrogen-dependent uterine disorder where a nonmalignant invasion…

Key Points Lay Summary

Adenomyosis (endometriosis interna): an enigmatic disease that has to be discovered yet

Adenomyosis (endometriosis interna): an enigmatic disease that has to be discovered yet By Nasuhi Engin Aydin

Scientists, Drs. Vannuccini and Petraglia from Italy have published an open access comprehensive review of Adenomyosis in "F1000Research" in March 2019 issue. Adenomyosis is a uterine disorder in which endometrial glands and stroma are pathologically demonstrated within the myometrium, i.e.…

Key Points Lay Summary

What clinicians know about adenomyosis? Any association with severe endometriosis?

What clinicians know about adenomyosis? Any association with severe endometriosis? By Selma Oransay

Dior et al. from the Royal Women's Hospital in Parkville, Australia, designed a prospective study to assess the association between severity of endometriosis and sonographic evidence of adenomyosis (SEOA) in their recently published article appearing in The Journal of Minimally…

Key Points Lay Summary

A novel neurotransmitter, Ninj1, has been found to be expressed in endometriosis

A novel neurotransmitter, Ninj1, has been found to be expressed in endometriosis By Irem Onur

Chronic inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and adenomyosis, and inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1b are highly expressed in them. Inflammation and subsequent hyperinnervation are involved in the pathophysiology of pain generation. High levels of expression of various…

Key Points Lay Summary

Endometrioma and endometriosis

Endometrioma and endometriosis By Irem Onur

Exacoustos C. et al. published an article titled “The isolated ovarian endometrioma: a history between myth and reality” in the Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology in 2018. They aimed to examine the association between ovarian endometriomas detectable at the transvaginal ultrasound…

Key Points Lay Summary

The association between endometriosis, adenomyosis and preterm delivery

The association between endometriosis, adenomyosis and preterm delivery By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis and adenomyosis are diseases of the same spectrum which have common features and coexist in some but not all patients. Both diseases are characterized by endometrial implants outside of the uterine cavity. Endometriosis is defined as the localization of…

Key Points Lay Summary

Fallopian Tube Capability in Women with Pelvic Endometriosis and Adenomyosis

Fallopian Tube Capability in Women with Pelvic Endometriosis and Adenomyosis By Kasthuri Nair

Xia et al. recently published a paper titled “Effects of pelvic endometriosis and adenomyosis on the ciliary beat frequency and muscular contractions in the human fallopian tube” in Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology. This research group primarily from Shanghai Jiaotong University…

Key Points Lay Summary

Benign Gynecological Tumors in Women with Endometriosis

Benign Gynecological Tumors in Women with Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

Matalliotaki et al. recently published a paper titled “Coexistence of benign gynecological tumors with endometriosis in a group of 1,000 women” in Oncology Letters. The study had two main objectives. The first goal was to understand the link between endometriosis…

Key Points Lay Summary

Diseases that Coexist with Adenomyosis and Endometriosis

Diseases that Coexist with Adenomyosis and Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

Adenomyosis, defined by endometrial glands and stroma found within the muscular uterine wall, and endometriosis are two common gynecological diseases that are similar pathologically and symptomatically. Choi et al. recently conducted a study where they hoped to determine the prevalence…

Key Points Lay Summary