Body mass index, the incidence of endometriosis and the severity of dysmenorrhoea

Body mass index, the incidence of endometriosis and the severity of dysmenorrhoea By Timur Seckin

According to a case-control study conducted by researchers from China, there is no association between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of endometriosis. This finding contrasts with the conventional knowledge that low BMI is a risk factor for endometriosis.…

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Endometriotic mesenchymal stem cells may promote endometriosis

Endometriotic mesenchymal stem cells may promote endometriosis By Yu Yu

The cause of endometriosis is still debatable. Many researchers have accepted that retrograde menstruation, where the endometrial fragments released during menstruation attach and colonize the ectopic locations, is the most plausible reason. However, the numbers just do not add up.…

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Adolescent dysmenorrhea diagnosis and management

Adolescent dysmenorrhea diagnosis and management By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is usually diagnosed in reproductive-aged women. However, recent literature proved that clinical symptoms of endometriosis are also seen the adolescent girls and young women. Dysmenorrhea, the most common gynecologic complaint among this age group, can develop due to endometriosis.…

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Case-control study to develop a questionnaire for early diagnosis of endometriosis

Case-control study to develop a questionnaire for early diagnosis of endometriosis By Nadire Duru

Endometriosis, which affects 5–10% of women of reproductive age, is a chronic gynecological disease characterized by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterus, associated with several discomforts such as pelvic pain, menstrual disorders, and infertility. Ultrasound evaluation…

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How Long Does it Take to Be Diagnosed with Endometriosis?

How Long Does it Take to Be Diagnosed with Endometriosis? By Özge Özkaya

It takes a median of eight years to reach a diagnosis of endometriosis from when the symptoms of the condition first appear confirmed a new British study. Interestingly, it seems that the earlier the symptoms appear, the later the disease…

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Patients preferences for the treatment of endometriosis-associated pain

Patients preferences for the treatment of endometriosis-associated pain By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is defined as the location of endometrial stroma and glands outside the uterine cavity. The most common presenting complaints are mainly dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, chronic pelvic pain, and infertility, most of which relate to the menstrual period. Those women affected…

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Adolescent dysmenorrhea and future endometriosis

Adolescent dysmenorrhea and future endometriosis By Selma Oransay

Dysmenorrhoea is typically classified as primary, or secondary due to underlying pathologies like fibroids, endometriosis, adenomyosis or uterine anomalies. Generally, long-term dysmenorrhea is present in endometriotic patient's anamnesis, but until recently, the research to clarify this connection remained retrospective. Knox et…

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Menstrual blood-derived stem cells

Menstrual blood-derived stem cells By Selma Oransay

Chen et al.  from the Center of Diagnosis and Treatment of İnfectious Disease, Zhejiang University, China penned this recent review in the Journal of Stem Cell Research Therapy which is presenting the clinical potential of MenSCs (Menstrual blood-derived stem cells). …

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Is the mystery for progression of endometriosis hiding out in abnormally located endometrial cells?

Is the mystery for  progression of endometriosis hiding out in abnormally located endometrial cells? By Selma Oransay

This prospective study was conducted by Hapangama et al. in Research İnstute of the University of Liverpool, UK, and the results have recently published in the Journal of Human Reproduction. The authors hypothesized that abnormally located endometrial basalis-like (SSEA1/nSOX9+)cells could be contributing to…

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Could Endometriosis Be Caused by Bacteria?

Could Endometriosis Be Caused by Bacteria? By Özge Özkaya

A new concept called the bacterial contamination hypothesis in endometriosis has been proposed for the first time by researchers in Japan. This means that new potential therapies approaches could exist for this condition in addition to the conventional estrogen-suppressing therapies.…

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Menstrual Effluent Can Change the Future of Endometriosis

Menstrual Effluent Can Change the Future of Endometriosis By Kasthuri Nair

During Endometriosis Awareness Month, Warren et al. published a paper entitled “Analysis of menstrual effluent: diagnostic potential for endometriosis” in Molecular Medicine. This paper relies heavily on the theory of retrograde menstruation, where menstrual effluent flows into the peritoneal cavity.…

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Is there any association between menstrual pain and ovarian cancer?

Is there any association between menstrual pain and ovarian cancer? By Yu Yu

Inflammation may be important in ovarian carcinogenesis. Epidemiological studies show that inflammatory conditions such as endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease have been associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer, while regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has reduced associated…

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Glycodelin and altered endometrial function in endometriosis

Glycodelin and altered endometrial function in endometriosis By Yu Yu

A laparoscopic examination is the only diagnostic tool for endometriosis to date. Since the procedure is invasive, there has been much effort by researchers to develop a biomarker for non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis. To this end, there has been growing…

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Retinoic Acid Signaling Involved in Endometrial Decidualization

Retinoic Acid Signaling Involved in Endometrial Decidualization By Murat Osman

Decidualization occurs in the eutopic endometrium during the luteal phase and is controlled by signaling pathways such as cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and progesterone. Researchers from the Northwestern University School of Medicine reported in their recent paper entitled "Altered Retinoid…

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TFF3 May Be Involved in Endometriosis Research Suggests

TFF3 May Be Involved in Endometriosis Research Suggests By Özge Özkaya

Levels of a protein called TFF3 are significantly increased in the peritoneal cavity (the abdominal space) of women with endometriosis, found a study published in the scientific journal Reproductive Sciences. This increase was in line with levels of other known…

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Elagolix (ABT-620) for endometriosis pain?

Elagolix (ABT-620) for endometriosis pain? By Yu Yu

Elagolix is an orally active gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist that has just recently completed Phase 3 clinical trial for endometriosis-associated pain (NCT01931670). The review article by Alessandro et al in Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics summarized the current research findings on…

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