The role of microbiota in the etiopathogenesis of endometriosis

The role of microbiota in the etiopathogenesis of endometriosis By Hale Goksever Celik

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disease that is commonly diagnosed in reproductive-aged women. Although many advanced types of research about the etiology, differential diagnosis and treatment have been performed, it still remains an enigmatic disease. Dr. Bedaiwy, a scientist and physician…

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Endometriosis signaling: the role of IL-34

Endometriosis signaling: the role of IL-34 By Yu Yu

An increasing number of studies have suggested that the pathogenesis of endometriosis is mediated by cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)−17, which promoted the formation and progression of endometriosis by up-regulating angiogenesis and pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion. IL-34 is a newly described…

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Natural killer cells receptor expression in endometriosis

Natural killer cells receptor expression in endometriosis By Yu Yu

Increasingly, studies have reported that endometriosis pathogenesis is related to defect in immune functions. The data also points to the impaired function of natural killer (NK) cells, leading to less cytotoxic NK cell activity in endometriosis. Similar to B and…

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M1 and M2 macrophages in ovarian endometriomas

M1 and M2 macrophages in ovarian endometriomas By Yu Yu

Macrophages play an essential role in the immune response during inflammation and have been implicated in diseases such as inflammatory conditions and cancers. Broadly, macrophages are classified into M1 and M2. The M1 macrophages are pro-inflammatory, and in contrast, the…

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Could a defect in phagocytosis cause endometriosis?

Could a defect in phagocytosis cause endometriosis? By Yu Yu

The macrophages are important immune cells in the peritoneal cavity because they function to remove aberrant cells or tissues by the process of phagocytosis. In endometriosis, there is an increased number of peritoneal macrophages and heightened production of inflammation molecules…

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A review on the role of immune cells on the pathogenesis of endometriosis

A review on the role of immune cells on the pathogenesis of endometriosis By Murat Osman

Immune cells play a vital role in the homeostasis against infectious pathogens but also in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Recent research has suggested that different immune cells have unique roles in this pathogenesis. Neutrophils, which are typically the primary acute…

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Elevated Neutrophil Traps in Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis

Elevated Neutrophil Traps in Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis By Yu Yu

Neutrophils are a part of the innate immune system and act as a first-line host defense system by phagocytosis, intracellular killing and more recently describes mechanism involving extracellular killing by means of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). These traps are defined…

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The role of the B lymphocytes in endometriosis: A systematic review

The role of the B lymphocytes in endometriosis: A systematic review By Murat Osman

Insight into the role of an inflammatory response in endometriosis has sparked further study into the role of different immune cells and their causal relationship to the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Several recent studies have found an association between aberrant immune…

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T-Cell Dysfunction May Worsen Endometriosis

T-Cell Dysfunction May Worsen Endometriosis By Murat Osman

Researchers from the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan, have found that T regulatory lymphocytes (Treg) may be the reason for the formation of the chronic inflammatory environment involved in endometriosis, a study published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &…

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